Aplikasi Pupuk Organik dan NPK untuk Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan Vegetatif dan Produksi Buah Terong Hijau

Autor(s): Ahmad Raksun, Lalu Japa, I Gde Mertha
DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v5i2.188

Abstract

Abstract: Research has been conducted on the application of organic and NPK fertilizer to increase the growth and yield of green eggplant which aims to find out (1) the influence of organic fertilizer on vegetative growth and yield of Green eggplant, (2) the effect of NPK fertilizer on vegetative growth and yield of Green Eggplant, (3) the effect of interaction between organic fertilizer and NPK fertilizer on vegetative growth and yield of Green Eggplant. A Factorial design was used which consisted of 2 factors. The first factor is the dose of organic fertilizer and the second factor is the dose of NPK fertilizer. The treatment of organic fertilizer consists of 4 levels, namely: P0 = without giving organic fertilizer (control), P1 = giving 0.5 kg organic fertilizer /1 m2 land, P2 = giving 1.0 kg organic fertilizer /1 m2 land, P3 = giving 1.5 kg organic fertilizer/1 m2 land. NPK fertilizer consists of 5 levels namely: N0 = without NPK fertilizer (control), N1 = giving 5 gr NPK fertilizer/plant, P2 = giving 10 gr NPK fertilizer/plant, P3 = giving 15 gr NPK fertilizer/plant, P4 = giving 20 gr NPK fertilizer/plant. Growth parameters were stem height and length of green eggplant leaves. Yield parameters were fruit length and green eggplant fruit weight. Data were analyzed by using ANOVA. The results showed that the application of organic fertilizer has a significant effect on the growth and yield of green eggplant. The application of NPK fertilizer has a significant effect on the growth and yield of green eggplant. The interaction of organic fertilizer and NPK fertilizer did not significantly affect the growth and yield of green eggplant.

 

Key Words: organic fertilizer; NPK fertilizer; growth and production of green eggplant.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abuyamin. 2016. Pengaruh Pemberian Urin Kelinci dan Kompos terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Caisim (Brassica juncea L.). Plumula. Vol 5 (1) p. 69 – 79

Adnan, I.S., B. Utoyo dan A. Kusumastuti. 2015. Pengaruh Pupuk NPK dan Pupuk Organik terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) di Main Nursery. AgroIndustri Perkebunan. Vol. 3(2): 69 – 81

Darmanto. 2004. Laporan Hasil Penelitian: Pengaruh Kadar Bokasi Terhadap Ketersediaan Hara Nitrat, Sulfat dan Pertumbuhan Kacang Panjang. Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.

Efendi, E., D. W. Purba dan N.H.Nasution. 2017. Respon Pemberian Pupuk NPK Mutiara dan Bpkashi Jerami Padi terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman bawang Merah (AlliumascalonicumL). Penelitian Pertanian BERNAS Vol 13 (3): 20 – 30

Farida dan J.S. Hamdani. 2003. Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Bunga Gladiol Pada Dosis Pupuk Organik Bokashi dan Nitrogen yang Berbeda. Bionatura V. 3(2) p. 68 - 76

Firmansyah, I., M. Syakirdan L. Lukman 2017. PengaruhKombinasiDosisPupukN,P,danKTerhadap Pertumbuhandan Hasil Tanaman Terung (SolanummelongenaL.). J. Hort. Vol 7 (1): 69 – 78

Karnan, A. Raksun dan L. Japa. 2015. Respon Pertumbuhan Rumput Laut Euchema cottonii terhadap Pemberian Pupuk Organik Cair di Teluk Ekas Lombok Timur. Biologi Tropis Vol 15 (1): 39 – 46

Knox, B., P. Ladiges, B. Evans. 1994. Biology. McGraw-Hill Book Company Australia Pty Limited. Australia.

Lingga, P. dan Marsono. 2013. Petunjuk Penggunaan Pupuk. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Maruli, Ernita dan H. Gultom. 2012. Pengaruh Pemberian NPK Grower dan Kompos terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Cabai Rawit (Capsicum frustencen L.). Dinamika Pertanian. Vol XXVII (3) p. 149 – 155

Musnamar, E.I. 2003. Pupuk Organik Padat. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Nurcahya, A.O., N. Herlina dan B. Guritno. 2017. Pengaruh Macam Pupuk Organik dan Waktu Aplikasi terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Jagung Manis (Zea mays saccharata Sturt). Produsi Tanaman Vol 5 (9): 1476 -1482

Raksun, A. 2014. Aplikasi Pupuk Organik Cair untuk Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan Kedelai (Glycine max L). Biologi Tropis Vol 14 (2): 62 – 67

Raksun, A. 2016. Aplikasi Pupuk Organik untuk Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan Bibit Jambu Mete (Anacardium occidentale L). Biologi Tropis Vol 16 (2): 1 – 9

Rahman, A.S., A. Nugroho dan R. Soeslistyono. 2018. Kajian Hasil bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum L) di Lahan dan Polybag dengan Pemberian Berbagai Macam Dosis Pupuk Organik. Produksi Tanaman Vol 4 (7): 538 – 546

Rizqullah, H., Sitawati dan B. Guritno. 2017. Pengaruh Macam dan Cara Aplikasi Pupuk Organik terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Jagung Manis. Produksi Tanaman Vol 5 (3): 387 – 389

Toutenburg, H. and Shalabh. 2009. Statistical Analysis of Designed Experiment. Third Edition. Springer. New York

Yousuf, M.N. S. Brahma, M. M. Kamal, S. Akter, dan M. E. K. Chowdhury. 2014. Effect of Nitrogen, phosphorus, Potassium, and Sulphur on the Growth and Seed Yield Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Bangladesh Journal. Of Agricultural Reseach. Vol. 39(2): 303-309.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.