Synthesis of SnO2 Thin Layer with a Doping Fluorine by Sol-Gel Spin Coating Method


  • Lalu Muliyadi Master of Science Education Program, University of Mataram, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara
  • Aris Doyan Master of Science Education Program, University of Mataram, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara
  • Susilawati Susilawati Master of Science Education Program, University of Mataram, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara
  • Syamsul Hakim Master of Science Education Program, University of Mataram, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara



A thin layer of tin oxide with doping Fluorine was synthesized using the sol-gel spin coating method. The synthesis aims to determine the quality of thin layers formed based on temperature variations and the number of layers. The basic material used is SnCl2.2H2O, while the doping material used is NH4F with variations in concentrations of dopants 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25%. The substrate used is glass with a size of 10 x 10 x 3 mm. The synthesis of the thin layer includes substrate preparation, sol-gel making, thin film making, and heating process. At this stage SnO2:F is deposited on a glass substrate with sol-gel spin coating technique at the concentration of sol 1 M with doping levels of Fluorine 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25%, and treated with maturation for 24 hours. Making a thin layer using a spin coater at a speed of 2000 rpm for 3 minutes. The layer made consists of one layer, two layers, three layers and four layers. The resulting layer shows that the higher the doping percentage, the higher the transparency of the layer. In addition, the more the number of layers, the lower the transparency level.


Keywords: Thin Film, Tin Oxide, Fluorine, Sol-gel, Spin Coating


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