RELEVANSI BUDIDAYA RAMAH LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP PERLINDUNGAN LAMUN SKALA LOKAL DI PESISIR LOMBOK TIMUR

Autor(s): Abdul Syukur, Mahrus Mahrus, Syachruddin AR
DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v5i1.150

Abstract

The environment in coastal areas is currently undergoing a process of exploitation, and in some locations the condition of natural resources is already at a critical point. This research is designed to make eco-friendly cultivation model as a small-scale fisherman livelihood supplement and local seagrass protection strategy. The virtues of this research include three aspects: (1) environmental aspect, (2) economic aspect of small fisherman and (3) social aspect in creating value of togetherness among community member in study location. Taking research data using direct observation method, interview and in-depth discussion. Respondents in this research are fishermen and fishermen caught fishermen group that catch fish around the seagrass area. Further data obtained before the analysis is validated through in-depth discussion. Data analysis using discrete statistic method. The results showed that environmentally friendly cultivation has become the livelihood of fishermen in the study location, and they get additional income of Rp. 7,500. 000 within a period of cultivation (6-7 months). In addition, they earn additional income of Rp. 200,000 from fishing service by utilizing the means of cultivation (KJA). Furthermore, the farmer's fishermen are aware of the negative effects of the utilization that are disruptive from the use of bombs and potassium to cultivation and they play an active role in preventing it. In this case, smallholder cultivation has relevance in seagrass habitat protection and can be considered in the policy of empowering fisherman's economy and conservation of local coastal environment outside conservation area.


Keywords: Value of eco-friendly cultivation, small Nealayan and Local scale seagrass protection

Full Text:

PDF

References

Armatrong D A, Geoffry R. H, Dumbauld B R., dan Ruesink J L.. Habitat Associations of Estuarine Species: Comparisons of Intertidal Mudflat, Seagrass (Zostera marina), and Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) Habitats. 2006. Estuaries and Coasts (29): 6, 1150–1160

Badan Pusat Statistik Nusa Tenggra Barat. 2015. Nusa Tenggra Barat dalam Angka. Mataram.

Barnes-Mauth, M., Olesona, K.L.L., dan Zafindrasilivonona, B. 2013. The total economic value of small-scale fisheries with acharacterization of post-landing trends: An application in Madagascar with global relevance. Fish Res, 147:175- 185.

Cullen-Unsworth, L.C., Jones, B.., Lilley, R., and Unsworth, R.K.F. 2018. Secret gardents under the sea: What area segarass meadows and why are the inportant ?. kids.frontiersin.or, 6 (2): 1-10.

Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan. 2008. Konservasi Surnberdaya Ikan di Indonesia: Derektorat Jenderal Kelautan Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Derektorat Konservasi dan Taman Nasional Laut kerjasama dengan Jepan International Cooperation Agency. 1 - 40Jepan International Cooperation Agency. 1 - 40.

Edward P. 2000. Aquaculture, Poverty Impacts And Livelihoods. Natural Resource Perspectives, 56: 1-3.

Ehler, C., Stefano, B dan Billiana, C.S. 2004. In Corporating Marine Protected Areas into Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management : Principle and Guidelines. IUCN. United Kingdom Ingris

FAO. 2011. Good practices in the governance of small scale fisheries: Sharing of experiences and lessons learned in responsible fisheries for social and economic development. In COFI/2011..

Fortes, M.D., Honda, K., Nakamura, Y., Nakaoka, M., Uy. W.H. 2013. Habitat Use by Fishes in Coral Reefs, Seagrass Beds and Mangrove Habitats in the Philippines. PLoS ONE, 8(8): 65735.

Green, E.P., dan Short F.T. 2003. World atlas of seagrasses. University of California Press, Berkeley

IUCN. 2003. Improving Local Livelihoods Through Sustainable Aquaculture In Hon Mun Marine Protected Area, Nha Trang Bay, Vietnam. A Report to the Collaborative APEC Grouper Research and Development Network (FWG/01/2001), Pp, 155-192

Gunalan B, Jaikumar, Kanagu L dan Stella C. 2011. Culturing a rabbit fish (Siganus canalicullatus)in cages: A study from Palk Bay, Sout East Coast of India. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering. 3 (11): 251 – 257.

Jaikumar, M. A. 2012. review on biologyand aquaculture potential of rabbit fish in tamilnadu (Siganus canaliculatus). IJPAES, 3 (2):57-63

Karnan, Baskoro, M.S., Iskandar, B.H, Lubis, E., dan Mustaruddin., 2012, Perikanan cumi-cumi di Perairan Selat Alas Nusa Tenggara Barat. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 13(1): 8-14.

Lee, S.Y., Primavera, J.H., Dahdouh-Guebas, F. Kee, K.Mc., Bosire, J.O., dan Cannicc,i S. 2014. Ecological role and services of tropical mangrove ecosystems: a reassessment. Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr, 23:726-743

Mondal, M.A.H., Ali, M.M., Sarma, P.K., dan Alam, M.K. 2012. Assessment of aquaculture as a means of sustainable livelihood development in Fulpur upazila under Mymensingh district. J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 10(2): 391–402.

Nadiarti, N.E, Djuwita, I., Budiharsono, S., Purbayanto, A., dan Asmus, H. 2012. Challenging for Seagrass Management In Indonesia. Journal of Coastal Develpopment, 15 (3): 234-242.

Naylor, R.L., Goldburg, R.J., Primavera, J., Kautsky, N., Beveridge., dan M.C.M, Clay, J. 2000. Effects of Aquaculture on World Fish Supplies. Issues in Ecology.; 8:1-12.

Nordlund, L.M., Koch, E.W., Barbier, E.B., dan ,.Creed, J.C. 2018. Seagrass Ecosystem Services and Their Variability across Genera and Geographical Regions. Plos One, 11 (10): 1-23.

Perez, M.L, M.D. Pido, L.R. Garces dan N.D. Salayo. 2012. Towards Sustainable Development of Small-Scale Fisheries in the Philippines: Experiences and Lessons Learned from Eight Regional Sites. WorldFish. Penang, Malaysia

Santoso, D., Baskoro, M.S, Simbolon, D., Y., dan Mustaruddin. 2015. The Status and Utilization Rate of Squid (Loligo edulis ) in Alas Strait at West Nusa Tenggara Province. IJSBAR, 20 (2): 296-303

Satyawan NM, Wardiatno Y dan, Kurnia R. 2014. Keanekaragaman Spesies dan Zonasi Habitat Echinodermata di Perairan Pantai Semerang, Lombok Timur. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 14 (2): 83-92

Syukur, A. 2013. Pengetahuan Ekologi Masyarakat Lokal sebagai Indikator Penilaian Potensi Lamun (Seagrass) di Tanjung Luar Lombok Timur. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 13 ( 2): 209-217

Syukur, A., Wardiatno, Y., Muchsin, I., dan Kamal, M.M 2014. Status Trofik Ikan yang Berasosiasi dengan Lamun (Seagrass) di Tanjung Luar Lombok Timur. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 14 (2):162-170.

Syukur, A. 2015. Distribusi, Keragaman Jenis Lamun (Seagrass) dan Status Konservasinya di Pulau Lombok. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 15 (2):171-182

Syukur, A., Mahrus. and Syachruddin. 2015. Environmentally friendly fish farming and seagrass conservation as an instrument of economics development of small-scale fishermen in coastal waters of Tanjung Luar East Lombok. Paper presented in the International Seminar on Tropical Natural Resources, Mataram University, 10 June – 12 June 2015.

Syukur A, Mahrus, Syachruddin. 2016. The potential assessment environment friendly aquaculture of small-scale fishermen as a conservation strategy seagrass beds in coastal areas of Tanjung Luar East Lombok, Indonesia. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 4 (2): 22-27

Syukur, A. 2016. Konservasi Lamun untuk Keberlanjutan Sumberdaya Ikan di Perairan Pesisir Indonesia. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 16 (1):56-68.

Syukur, A., and Santoso, D. 2017. Seagrass Ecosystems Monitoring as Related to Coral Reef in Coastal Waters of Sekotong West Lombok, Indonesia. Proceeding. International Conference on Science and Technology 2017 Joint International Conference on Science and Technology in The Tropic Beetwen Mataram and Malaya Universiti. Mataram Lombok Indonesia.

Syukur, A., Wardiatno, Y., Muchsin, I., and Kamal, M.M . 2017. Threats to Seagrass Ecology and Indicators of the Importance of Seagrass Ecological Services in the Coastal Waters of East Lombok, Indonesia. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 13 (3): 251.265

Waldo, S., dan Brady, M. 2009. Fixing problems in fisheries integrating TTQs, CBM and MPAs in management. Marine Policy 33 258-263.

Whittington, M. W., dan Fiona, R.G. 2002. Diversity of fishes in seagrass beds in the Quirimba Archipelago, northern Mozambique. Marine and Freshwater Research 53, 115–121.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.