Distribution of the Fraunhofer Diffraction Intensity by a Rectangular Slit Using a Razor Blade
AuthorsEli Trisnowati , Putut Marwoto , Retno Sri Iswari , Edy Cahyono
Issue:Vol. 8 No. 3 (2022): July
Keywords:Diffraction, Fraunhofer, Rectangular slit, Razor blade, a voltage divider circuit
Articles "Regular Issue"
How to Cite
This research was conducted by making a rectangular slit using a razor blade as a narrow gap in the Fraunhofer diffraction experiment. The intensity distribution measurement on the resulting diffraction pattern uses a voltage divider circuit. This circuit takes advantage of the nature of the LDR, which changes resistance when exposed to light. Experiments show that a diffraction pattern screen when a 560 nm coherent light passes through a narrow rectangular slit made of razor cut. We measured the narrow gap using a tracker application with the resulting gap size (0.3564 x 0.4677) mm. The ratio of the intensity distribution of the x-axis bright pattern on the Fraunhofer diffraction by a rectangular slit with slit size height x width = (0.4677 x 0.3564) mm from b = -5p to 5p (maximum 4, maximum 3, maximum 2, maximum 1, central maximum, maximum 1, maximum 2, maximum 3, maximum 4) is 0.000873; 0.000763; 0.005395; 0.020583; 1; 0.039658; 0.008088; 0.002554; 0.001218. The ratio of the intensity distribution of the y-axis bright pattern on the Fraunhofer diffraction by a rectangular slit with slit size height x width = (0.4677 x 0.3564) mm from g = -5p to 5p (maximum 4, maximum 3, maximum 2, maximum 1, central maximum, maximum 1, maximum 2, maximum 3, maximum 4) is 0.001890; 0.001469; 0.002447; 0.040516; 1; 0.037141; 0.006482; 0.001690; 0.000440. This study indicates that diffraction experiments and the measurement of the diffraction pattern’s intensity can be carried out with simple materials and equipment and can be used in the correct experiment.
Aji, M.P., Karunawan, J., Chasanah, W.R., Nursuhud, P. I., Wiguna, P. A., & Sulhadi. (2017). A simple diffraction experiment using banana stem as a natural grating. Physics Education, 52(2), 025009. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6552/aa589a
Aji, M.P., Karunawan, J., Chasanah, W.R., Nursuhud, P. I., Wiguna, P. A., & Sulhadi. (2017). A simple diffraction experiment using banana stem as a natural grating. Physics Education, 52(2), 25009. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6552/aa589a
Aji, M.P., Prabawani, A., Rahmawati, I., Rahmawati, J. A., Priyanto, A., & Darsono, T. (2019). A diffraction grating from a plastic bag. Physics Education, 54(3), 035016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6552/ab0e4e
Aviani, I., & Erjavec, B. (2011). An easy method to show the diffraction of light. Physics Education, 46(2), 134–136. https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9120/46/2/f02
Ayop, S.K. (2017). Analyzing Impulse Using iPhone and Tracker. The Physics Teacher, 55(8), 480–481. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.5008342
Brown, D., Christian, W., & Hanson, R.M. (2011). Tracker video analysis and modeling tool for physics education. Retrieved from https://physlets.org/tracker
Bryan, J.A. (2009). Investigating the conservation of mechanical energy using video analysis: four cases. Physics Education, 45(1), 50–57. https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9120/45/1/005
Coffey, T., Bryan, I., Bryan, Z., Wicker, D., Drake, J., Pope, N., & Leonard, D. N. (2010). An AFM learning module employing diffraction gratings. Microscopy Today, 18(6), 42-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1551929510001112
Eadkhong, T., Rajsadorn, R., Jannual, P., & Danworaphong, S. (2012). Rotational dynamics with Tracker. European journal of physics, 33(3), 615. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0143-0807/33/3/615
Eisenberg, H.S., Silberberg, Y., Morandotti, R., & Aitchison, J.S. (2000). Diffraction Management. Physical Review Letters 85(9). 1863–66. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.1863
England, G., Kolle, M., Kim, P., Khan, M., Camayd-Muñoz, P., Mazur, E., & Aizenberg, J. (2014). Bioinspired micrograting arrays mimicking the reverse color diffraction elements evolved by the butterfly Pierella luna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1412240111
Ghatak, A. (2010). Optics. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
Groff, J.R. (2012). Estimating the Size of Onion Epidermal Cells from Diffraction Patterns. The Physics Teacher 50(7). 420–23. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.4752048
Jetty, N.R., Suman, A., & Khaparde, R.B. (2012). Novel cases of diffraction of light from a grating: theory and experiment. American Journal of Physics, 80(11), 972-979. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.4737854
Kazanskiy, N. (2011). Research and Education Center of Diffractive Optics. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 8410, 26. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.923233
Maretta, Y. (2016). Preparing prospective teachers in integrating science and local wisdom through practicing open inquiry. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 13(2), 3-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.12973/tused.10163a
Monsoriu, J., Furlan, W., Pons, A., Barreiro, J., & Enez, M. (2011). Undergraduate experiment with fractal diffraction gratings. Eur. J. Phys. European Journal Of Physics Eur. J. Phys, 32106, 687–694. https://doi.org/10.1088/0143-0807/32/3/005
Moxnes, A.R., & Osgood, J. (2018). Sticky stories from the classroom: From reflection to diffraction in Early Childhood Teacher Education. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 19(3), 297–309. https://doi.org/10.1177/1463949118766662.
Paixão, P. A., Remonatto, V. M. C., Calheiro, L. B., Dos Reis, D. D., & Goncalves, A. M. B. (2021). Interference and diffraction experiment using 3D printing and Arduino. Physics Education, 57(2), 25011. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6552/ac3d3c
Parker, A. R., & Martini, N. (2014). Diffraction Gratings in Caligoid (Crustacea: Copepoda) Ecto-parasites of Large Fishes. Materials Today: Proceedings, 1, 138–144. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2014.09.012
Piunno, P. A. E. (2017). Teaching the Operating Principles of a Diffraction Grating Using a 3D-Printable Demonstration Kit. Journal of Chemical Education, 94(5), 615–620. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jchemed.6b00906
Poonyawatpornkul, J., & Wattanakasiwich, P. (2013). High-speed video analysis of damped harmonic motion. Physics Education, 48(6), 782. https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9120/48/6/782
Pratidhina, E., Dwandaru, W. S. B., & Kuswanto, H. 2020. Exploring Fraunhofer diffraction through Tracker and spreadsheet: An alternative lab activity for distance learning. Revista Mexicana de Fisica E, 17(2), 285-290. http://dx.doi.org/10.31349/RevMexFisE.17.285
Singh, I., Khun Khun, K., & Kaur, B. (2018). Simulating Fraunhofer diffraction of waves using Microsoft excel spreadsheet. Physics Education, 53(5), 55010. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6552/aacd82
Sirisathitkul, C., Glawtanong, P., Eadkong, T., & Sirisathitkul, Y. (2013). Digital video analysis of falling objects in air and liquid using Tracker. Revista Brasileira de ensino de Física, 35, 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-11172013000100020
Yanuarief, C. (2016). Simulasi Pola Difraksi Fraunhofer Untuk Celah Lingkaran Dengan Modifikasi Fungsi Bessel. Integrated Lab Journal 4(2). 181–88. https://doi.org/10.14421/ilj.2016.%25x
Yusuf, E. (2016). Using Tracker to Engage Students’ Learning and Research in Physics. Pertanika Journal Science and Technology, 24(2), 483-491
Copyright (c) 2022 Eli Trisnowati, Putut Marwoto, Retno Sri Iswari, Edy Cahyono
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).