Problem Solving Thinking Skills: Effectiveness of Problem-Solving Model in Teaching Chemistry College Students
AuthorsUtiya Azizah , Harun Nasrudin
Issue:Vol. 8 No. 3 (2022): July
Keywords:Problem-Solving model, Thinking skills, Effectiveness, Teaching Chemistry
Articles "Regular Issue"
How to Cite
AbstractProblem-solving is considered one of the thinking skills that must be possessed in 21st-century education because problem-solving skills are needed to solve all problems that arise. This study aims to describe problem-solving thinking skills as a manifestation of the effectiveness of problem-solving models in college student chemistry learning. The research method uses descriptive research with a quantitative approach. The design used is One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. This research was conducted in the chemistry department Universitas Negeri Surabaya with the subjects of 31 college students who programmed basic chemistry courses on chemical thermodynamics. Measurement of problem-solving thinking skills using a paper-pen test (pretest and posttest) in the form of an essay. This research findings show that: (1) Each indicator of problem-solving thinking skills of trained college students gets percentage, namely understanding problems 76.08%, planning problem solving 80.65%, implementing problem-solving 85.49%, drawing conclusions 78.50%, and evaluating problem-solving results 68.22%; and (2) N-gain scores for each indicator of problem-solving thinking skills obtained have medium and high criteria. Based on the research results, the problem-solving model has been effective in improving college students' problem-solving thinking skills.
Airey, J. & Linder, C. (2009). A disciplinary discourse perspective on university science learning: Achieving fluency in a critical constellation of modes. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 46(1): 27–49. https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.20265
Aji, R.E.W., & Mahmudi, A. (2018). Efektifitas pembelajaran matematika dengan strategi problem solving untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis siswa Kelas VIII SMP. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 7(3), 46-54.
Aldous, C.R. (2005). Creativity in Problem Solving: Uncovering the Origin of New Ideas. International Education Journal. 5(5). 43-56.
Anderson, L. & Krathwohl, D, A. (2001). A taxonomy for learning teaching and assessing. A revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of education objectives. Longman, New York.
Azizah, U., Nasrudin, H., Mitarlis. (2019). The Validity of Problem-Solving Based Teaching Materials for the Exploration of Conceptual Change and Metacognitive Skills. Proceedings of the 7th Mathematics, Science, and Computer Science Education International Seminar, MSCEIS 2019, 12 October 2019, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. (European Union Digital Library/EUDL).
Brenda, C.M., & Tyrie, N. (2009). Problem solving by design: Using the engineering design process to build problem solving skills for fifth graders and methods students. Science and Children, 2009, 47(2), 25-33.
Cheng, S.C., She, H.C., & Huang, L.Y. (2018). The impact of problem-solving instruction on middle school students’ physical science learning: interplays of knowledge, reasoning, and problem solving. EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14(3): 731-743. https://doi:10.12973/ejmste/80902
Darmawan. (2010). Penggunaan pembelajaran berbasis masalah dalam meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa pada pembelajaran IPS di MI Darrusaadah Pandeglang. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan, 11(2), 108-115.
Destalia, L., Suratno, & Apriliya, S. (2014). Peningkatan Keterampilan Pemecahan Masalah Dan Hasil Belajar Melalui Penerapan Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah (PBM) Dengan Metode Eksperimen Pada Materi Pencemaran Lingkungan. Jurnal Pancaran, 3(4), 213-224. Retrievde from https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/pancaran/article/view/1003
Dogru, M. (2008). The application of problem solving method on science teacher trainees. Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 3(1), 9 – 18.
Greiff, S., Holt, D.V., & Funke, J. (2013). Perspectives on problem solving in educational assessment: Analytical, interactive, and collaborative problem solving. Journal of Problem Solving, 5(2), 71–91. http://dx.doi.org/10.7771/1932-6246.1153
Hake, R. (2002). Relationship of individual student normalized learning gains in mechanics with gender, high school physics, and pretest scores on mathematics and spatial visualization. Retrieved from http://www.physics.indiana.edu/
Hambach, J., Diezemann, C., & Tisch, M. (2016). Assessment of students’ learn competencies with the help of behavior video analysis-Are with the help of behavior video analysis-Are good students better problem solver?. Procedia CIRP, 55, 230 – 235. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2016.08.012
Hariawan, H., Kamaluddin, K., & Wahyono, U. (2014). Pengaruh model pembelajaran creative problem solving terhadap kemampuan memecahkan masalah fisika. JPFT (Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Tadulako Online), 1(2), 48-54. Retrieved from http://jurnal.untad.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/EPFT/article/view/2395/0
Hoskinson, A. M., Cabalerro, M.D., & Knight, J.K. (2013). How can we improve problem solving in undergraduate biology? Applying lesson from 30 years of physics education research. CBE Life Science Education. 12(2), 153–161. https://doi.org/10.1187%2Fcbe.12-09-0149
Irwanto, Saputro, A. D., Rohaeti, E., & Prodjosantoso, A. K. (2018). Promoting critical thinking and problem solving skills of preservice elementary teachers through process-oriented guided-inquiry learning (POGIL). International Journal of Instruction, 11(4), 777–794. https://doi.org/10.12973/iji.2018.11449a
Kaya, D., Izgiol, D., & Kesan, C. (2014). The investigation of elementary mathematics teacher candidates’ problem-solving skills according to various variables. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 6(2), 295–314.
Laila, R. N & Azizah, U. (2017). Model pembelajaran problem solving untuk melatihkan keterampilan metakognitif siswa pada materi asam basa. Unesa Journal of Chemical Education. 3(2), 384-389. Retrieved from https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/journal-of-chemical-education/article/view/20264
Liliasari. (2005). Membangun Keterampilan Berpikir Manusia Indonesia Melalui Pendidikan Sains. Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar Tetap dalam Ilmu Pendidikan IPA. Tesis. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.
Moreno, R. (2010). Educational Psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Nikat, R.F., & Latifah, E. (2018). The evaluation of physics students’ problem-solving ability through MAUVE strategy (Magnitude, Answer, Units, Variables, and Equation). PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences, 3(3), 1234–1251. https://doi.org/10.20319/pijss.2018.33.12341251
Nyachwaya, J.M., Warfa, A.R.M., Roehrig, G.H., & Schneider, J.L. (2014). College chemistry students’ use of memorized algorithms in chemical reactions. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 15(1), 81–93. Retrieved from https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/RP/c3rp00114h
OECD. (2019). PISA 2018 Results: Executive summary. Columbia University, New York.
Polya, G. (1973). How to Solve It. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
Redhana, I.W. (2019). Mengembangkan keterampilan abad ke-21 dalam pembelajaran kimia. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia, 13(1): 2239–2253. https://doi.org/10.15294/jipk.v13i1.17824
Schmidt, H.G., Rotgans, J.I., Elaine, H.J., & Yew, E.H. (2011). The process of problem-based learning: What works and Why. Medical Education, 45(8), 792–806. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2011.04035.x
Sirhan, G. (2007). Learning difficulties in chemistry: An overview. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 4(2), 2–20.
Society Committee on Education. (2012). ACS guidelines and recommendations for the teaching of high school Chemistry. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society
Syofyan, H & Halim, A. (2016). Penerapan metode problem solving pada pembelajaran IPA untuk peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Multi Disiplin Ilmu & Unisbank (Sendi_U) Ke-2
Wahyuni, S., Indrawati, S., & Suana, W. (2017). Developing science process skills and problem-solving abilities based on outdoor learning in Junior High School, Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 6(1), 165-169. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v6i1.6849
Wang, Y. & Chiew, V. (2010). On the cognitive process of human problem solving. Cognitive Systems Research, 11(1): 81–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsys.2008.08.003
Widiasih, Permanasari, A., Riandi & Damayanti, T. (2018). The profile of problem-solving ability of students of distance education in science learning. Journal of Physics Conference Series, 1013(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1013/1/012081
Yanti, N.R., Suharto, B., & Syahmani. (2016). Implementasi model problem based learning berbantuan tes superitem terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah materi kelarutan dan hasil kali kelarutan. Quantum, Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Sains, 7(2), 147–155. http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/quantum.v7i2.3580
Yuriev, E., Naidu, S., Schembri, L. S., & Short, J. L. (2017). Scaffolding the development of problem-solving skills in chemistry: Guiding novice students out of dead ends and false starts. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 18(3), 486–504. https://doi.org/10.1039/C7RP00009J
Copyright (c) 2022 Utiya Azizah, Harun Nasrudin
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).