Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Field Radiation (50 Hz, 200 µT & 300 µT) to Increase Edamame Productivity and Safety Risks to Health


Sudarti , Elok Permatasari , Sumardi , Wahyu Muldayani , Ega Bonansyah Utoyo , Winaning Nur Prihatin






Vol. 9 No. 8 (2023): August


ELF magnetic field, Number of fruits and pods, Productivity

Research Articles


How to Cite

Sudarti, S., Permatasari, E. ., Sumardi, S., Muldayani, W. ., Utoyo, E. B. ., & Prihatin, W. N. . (2023). Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Field Radiation (50 Hz, 200 µT & 300 µT) to Increase Edamame Productivity and Safety Risks to Health. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 9(8), 5979–5986. https://doi.org/10.29303/jppipa.v9i8.2494


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


More and more research results report that exposure to Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) magnetic fields at low intensity can increase cell proliferation. The ELF magnetic field interacts directly with cell membranes, capable of increasing intracellular calcium and under certain conditions affecting cell proliferation. This study wanted to prove the potential of ELF magnetic field radiation with intensity of 200 µT and 300 µT on edamame productivity. The research design used a completely randomized design. The research sample was 250 edamame soybeans of the Ryokkoh-75 variety which were divided into 5 groups. Samples were soaked in warm water for 3 hours and then cured for about 12 hours and exposed to ELF magnetic fields of intensity of 200 µT and 300 µT with variations in exposure time of 60 minutes and 120 minutes. Then it is seeded and planted in the field. Observation of the number of edamame pods and the number of pods was carried out when they were already fruiting, namely day 29 to day 43. The results of the study proved that the number of pods and the number of edamame pods in the group exposed to the 200 µT and 300 µT ELF magnetic fields was higher than the control. It appears that the highest number of fruits and pods occurred in the sample group exposed to the ELF magnetic field intensity of 300 µT. The conclusion is that exposure to the ELF magnetic field intensity of 300 µT has the potential to increase edamame productivity


Bertagna, F., Lewis, R., Silva, S. R. P., McFadden, J., & Jeevaratnam, K. (2021). Effects of electromagnetic fields on neuronal ion channels: a systematic review. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1499(1), 82–103. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14597

Çakit, M. O., Koca, G., Akbulut, A., Erdem, O., Çetinkaya, S., Umurhan, G., … Korkmaz, M. (2023). The effects of extremely low-frequency magnetic field exposure on apoptosis, neurodegeneration and trace element levels in the rat brain. Anatolian Current Medical Journal, 5(2), 102–110. https://doi.org/10.38053/acmj.1245104

Ćirković, S., BaÄić, J., Paunović, N., Popović, T. B., Trbovich, A. M., RomÄević, N., & Ristić-Djurović, J. L. (2017). Influence of 340 mT static magnetic field on germination potential and mid-infrared spectrum of wheat. Bioelectromagnetics, 38(7), 533–540. https://doi.org/10.1002/bem.22057

Dziergowska, K., Lewandowska, S., Mech, R., Pol, M., Detyna, J., & Michalak, I. (2021). Soybean germination response to algae extract and a static magnetic field treatment. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 11(18), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11188597

Grinberg, M., Mudrilov, M., Kozlova, E., Sukhov, V., Sarafanov, F., Evtushenko, A., … Mareev, E. (2022). Effect of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields on light-induced electric reactions in wheat. Plant Signaling and Behavior, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/15592324.2021.2021664

Guo, J., Rahman, A., Mulvaney, M. J., Hossain, M. M., Basso, K., Fethiere, R., & Babar, M. A. (2020). Evaluation of edamame genotypes suitable for growing in florida. Agronomy Journal, 112(2), 693–707. https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20136

Ma, T., Ding, Q., Liu, C., & Wu, H. (2023). Electromagnetic fields regulate calcium-mediated cell fate of stem cells: osteogenesis, chondrogenesis and apoptosis. Stem Cell Research and Therapy, 14(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13287-023-03303-w

Mehdizadeh, R., Madjid Ansari, A., Forouzesh, F., Shahriari, F., Shariatpanahi, S. P., Salaritabar, A., & Javidi, M. A. (2023). P53 status, and G2/M cell cycle arrest, are determining factors in cell-death induction mediated by ELF-EMF in glioblastoma. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-38021-z

Nair, R. M., Boddepalli, V. N., Yan, M. R., Kumar, V., Gill, B., Pan, R. S., … Somta, P. (2023). Global Status of Vegetable Soybean. Plants, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/plants12030609

Nur, S. U. K., Sudarti, & Subiki. (2022). Pengaruh Paparan Medan Magnet Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Terhadap Derajat Keasaman (pH) Buah Tomat. ORBITA. Jurnal Hasil Kajian, Inovasi, Dan Aplikasi Pendidikan Fisika, 8(1), 45–51. Retrieved from https://journal.ummat.ac.id/index.php/orbita/article/view/8395

Perez, F. P., Maloney, B., Chopra, N., Morisaki, J. J., & Lahiri, D. K. (2021). Repeated electromagnetic field stimulation lowers amyloid-β peptide levels in primary human mixed brain tissue cultures. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-77808-2

Podleśny, J., Podleśna, A., Gładyszewska, B., & Bojarszczuk, J. (2021). Effect of pre-sowing magnetic field treatment on enzymes and phytohormones in pea (Pisum sativum l.) seeds and seedlings. Agronomy, 11(3), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11030494

Prihatin, N. W., Sudarti, & Prihandono, T. (2020). Pengaruh Medan Magnet Extremely Low Frequency Terhadap Biomassa Tanaman Edamame. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Tadulako Online (JPFT), 8(3), 51–57. Retrieved from http://jurnal.untad.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/EPFT/article/view/16933

Racuciu, M. (2020). Development of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) seedlings under the action of extremely low frequency magnetic field in a controlled environment conditions. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2206. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0000268

Sarraf, M., Kataria, S., Taimourya, H., Santos, L. O., Menegatti, R. D., Jain, M., … Liu, S. (2020). Magnetic field (MF) applications in plants: An overview. Plants, 9(9), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9091139

Su, L., Yimaer, A., Wei, X., Xu, Z., & Chen, G. (2017). The effects of 50 Hz magnetic field exposure on DNA damage and cellular functions in various neurogenic cells. Journal of Radiation Research, 58(4), 488–500. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrr/rrx012

Sudarti. (2016). Utilization of Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Magnetic Field is as Alternative Sterilization of Salmonella Typhimurium In Gado-Gado. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 9, 317–322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.02.140

Sudarti, Prihandono, T., & Prihatin, W. N. (2023). Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Life Sciences and Biotechnology (ICOLIB 2021). Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Life Sciences and Biotechnology (ICOLIB 2021), 4–14. https://doi.org/10.2991/978-94-6463-062-6

Sudarti, S., Bektiarso, S., Prastowo, S. H. B., Prihandono, T., Maryani, & Handayani, R. D. (2020). Optimizing lactobacillus growth in the fermentation process of artificial civet coffee using extremely-low frequency (ELF) magnetic field. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1465(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1465/1/012010

Sudarti, Sudarti, Nur, S. U. K., Permatasari, E., Dewi, N. M., & Laili, S. N. (2022). Analysis of Physical Resistance of Apple Tomatoes After Exposed to A Magnetic Field Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Intensity 600 µT and 1000 µT. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 8(6), 2872–2878. https://doi.org/10.29303/jppipa.v8i6.2306

Sudarti, Supriadi, B., Subiki, Harijanto, A., Nurhasanah, & Ridlo, Z. R. (2020). A potency of ELF magnetic field utilization to the process of milkfish preservation (chanos chanos). Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1465(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1465/1/012005

Tirono, M. (2022). The Use of a Time-Changing Magnetic Field to Increase Soybean (Glycine max) Growth and Productivity. International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics, 17(5), 737–743. https://doi.org/10.18280/ijdne.170511

Tirono, M., Hananto, F. S., Suhariningsih, & Aini, V. Q. (2021). An effective dose of magnetic field to increase sesame plant growth and its resistance to fusarium oxysporum wilt. International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics, 16(3), 285–291. https://doi.org/10.18280/IJDNE.160306

Author Biographies

Sudarti, University of Jember

Elok Permatasari, Universitas Jember

Sumardi, University of Jember

Wahyu Muldayani, University of Jember

Ega Bonansyah Utoyo, University of Jember

Winaning Nur Prihatin, University of Jember


Copyright (c) 2023 Sudarti, Elok Permatasari, Sumardi, Wahyu Muldayani, Ega Bonansyah Utoyo, Winaning Nur Prihatin

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).