Height Above Nearest Drainage (HAND) as a Model for Rapid Flood Inundation Mapping Based on Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems in the Kapuas Sintang Sub Watershed
AuthorsAjun Purwanto , Paiman
Issue:Vol. 9 No. 8 (2023): August
Keywords:Geographical information system, Height above nearest drainage, Inundation, Model, Rapid flood, Remote sensing
How to Cite
This study aims to map the flood inundation and the extent of the inundation in the study area using the HAND model. The data used in this study is DEM. The DEM is used to generate a hydrologic framework, including flow accumulation, drainage network, flow direction, elevation, and flow distance. The method used in this study is the HAND descriptor. The analysis in this study used spatial hydrological analysis and hypsometric analysis using zonal statistical tables in ArcGIS. Based on the results of the analysis of height above the nearest drainage it is known that the Kapuas Sintang sub-watershed has five classes of inundation, namely very high inundation, high inundation, moderate inundation, low inundation, and no inundation. Very high, high, and moderate inundation classes are spread over three sub-districts, namely Sintang, Dedai, and Tempunak sections. Sintang District has the widest distribution, followed by Dedai District and Tempunak District is the narrowest. Prediction of inundation area and flood area with HAND can be used to improve the new mapping model without involving additional data sources. The HAND model is a nice and simple tool that is useful for inundation studies as well as in inundation area prediction.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Ajun Purwanto, Paiman
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