The Effect of Multimedia Utilization on Increasing Students Learning Outcomes


Salome Rajagukguk , Asmina Herawaty Sinaga , Fenny Mustika Piliang , Alfian Tanjung , Asmayani






Vol. 9 No. 8 (2023): August


Learning Outcomes, Multimedia, Power point, Utilization

Research Articles


How to Cite

Rajagukguk, S. ., Sinaga, A. H. ., Piliang, F. M. ., Tanjung, A. ., & Asmayani. (2023). The Effect of Multimedia Utilization on Increasing Students Learning Outcomes. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 9(8), 5845–5851.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


This study aims to determine the effect of using multimedia on improving student learning outcomes on excretory system material in class XI SMA YPK Pematangsiantar. The total population of 64 people consisting of 2 classes and samples were taken by random assignment so that 2 classes were obtained, namely the control class (XI-3) 32 people and the experimental class (XI-1) 32 people. The control class was treated without using multimedia power point and the experimental class was treated using multimedia power point. Data analysis was carried out by finding the average (, standard deviation (S) and hypothesis testing (t test) at the significance level = 0.05. From the results of the study, the average post-test for the control class was 88 and the experimental class was 90.13 with a difference in learning outcomes of 2.13. From the results of hypothesis testing (t test) obtained tcount (2.790) > ttable (1.99) at a significance level of 0.05 and degrees of freedom (dk) = 62, then Ho rejected and Hais accepted, meaning that there is an effect of using multimedia power point to improve student learning outcomes on the material of the human excretory system in class XI SMA YPK Pematangsiantar. It was concluded that there was an effect of using multimedia on improving student learning outcomes in the material of the human excretory system of class XI SMA YPK Pematangsiantar.


Abidin, Z., & Hartono. (2021). The Effectiveness of Google Classroom Learning Media, Google Meet and Students’ Learning Motivation of SMAN 3 Mojokerto. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Fisika (SNF), 5, 211–223. Retrieved from

Agbevivi, S. L. G. (2018). The use of PowerPoint in teaching and learning English in the University of Education, Winneba. African Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 11, 74–86. Retrieved from Agbevivi.pdf

Almasseri, M., & AlHojailan, M. I. (2019). How flipped learning based on the cognitive theory of multimedia learning affects students’ academic achievements. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 35(6), 769–781.

Amadi, R., Amadi, P. D. R., & Oriji, A. (2017). Technology across curriculum: the utilization and abuse of powerpoint as teaching and learning tool. International Journal of Progressive and Alternative Education, 4(1). Retrieved from

Aprilia, D. W. I. S. (2021). The use of power point videos with project-based learning to teach recount text writing. Universitas Islam Negeri. Retrieved from

Ardiana, E., & Ananda, A. (2022). The Effect of Using the Tiktok Application as a Learning Media on the Activeness and Learning Outcomes of Class XI Social Sciences Students in Sociology Subjects at SMA N 1 Ampek Angkek. LANGGAM International Journal of Social Science Education, Art and Culture, 1(2), 22–29.

Arsyad, A. (2014). Media Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Donna, R., Egok, A. S., & Febriandi, R. (2021). Pengembangan multimedia interaktif berbasis powtoon pada pembelajaran tematik di sekolah dasar. Jurnal Basicedu, 5(5), 3799–3813. Retrieved from

Frey, B. A., & Birnbaum, D. J. (2002). Learners’ Perceptions on the Value of PowerPoint in Lectures. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburg. Retrieved from

Ishartono, N., Nurcahyo, A., Sufahani, S. F., & Afiyah, A. N. (2022). Employing PowerPoint in the Flipped-Learning-Based Classroom to Increase Students’ Understanding: Does It Help? Asian Journal of University Education, 18(3), 649–662.

Kartikawati, S., & Nita, S. (2019). The analysis interaction of learning media electronic circuits based on livewire software to improve study result and creative thinking. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1375(1), 12010.

Karuniakhalida, P., Maimunah, M., & Murni, A. (2019). Development of ICT-Based Mathematical Media on Linear Program Materials to improve motivation learning students. Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(2), 195–204.

Kiat, T. Y., Jumintono, K., ES, S., Handayani, E., Anggarini, Y., & Rofik, M. (2020). The effectiveness of multimedia learning on academic achievement in reproduction topic science subject. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(8), 3625–3629.

LeFebvre, L., Parsons, M., Entwistle, C., Boyd, R., & Allen, M. (2022). Rethinking PowerPoint slide design for multimedia learning. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 50(4), 503–520.

Lestari, N., & Wirasty, R. (2019). Pemanfaatan multimedia dalam media pembelajaran interaktif untuk meningkatkan minat belajar siswa. Amaliah: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 3(2), 349–353.

Mudasih, I., & Subroto, W. T. (2019). Comparison of student learning outcomes through video learning media with powerpoint. International Journal of Educational Research Review, 4(2), 183–189.

Nasution, A. A., Harahap, B., Harahap, R. A., Wahdi, N., & others. (2022). Socialization of the Use of Multimedia as a Learning Tool to Improve the Skills of MAS Darul Ilmi Students. IJCS: International Journal of Community Service, 1(1), 48–61.

Novriandami, A., Jannah, M., Arrahma, A., Randa, G., & Nasir, M. (2023). Development of Microsoft Power Point Interactive Media Based on Visual Basic for Application as Middle School Science Learning Media. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Science Education), 11(3), 528–544.

Osman, N., Noor, S. S. M., Rouyan, N. M., & Che Hat, N. (2022). The use of PowerPoint in developing multimedia-based teaching and learning materials for learning Arabic Language. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 18(1), 15–21.

Rahmawati, R., Lestari, F., & Umam, R. (2019). Analysis of the effectiveness of learning in the use of learning modules against student learning outcomes. Desimal: Jurnal Matematika, 2(3), 233–240.

Rahmelina, L., Firdian, F., Maulana, I., Aisyah, H., & Na‘am, J. (2019). The effectiveness of the flipped classroom model using e-learning media in introduction to information technology course. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (IJET), 14(21), 148–162.

Rofiah, S. K., Gunawan, I., Wardani, A. D., & others. (2020). What multimedia can teachers use in learning? 1st International Conference on Information Technology and Education (ICITE 2020), 691–695.

Saputra, A. (2018). Penggunaan multimedia untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar peserta didik kelas VII D pada mata pelajaran PAI di SMP Negeri 1 Way Krui Kabupaten Pesisir Barat Tahun Ajaran 2015/2016. UIN Raden Intan Lampung. Retrieved from

Septiani, A. N. S. I., Rejekiningsih, T., & others. (2020). Development of Interactive Multimedia Learning Courseware to Strengthen Students’ Character. European Journal of Educational Research, 9(3), 1267–1280. Retrieved from

Setiaji, K., & Narmaditya, B. S. (2020). Does Power Point Matter for Teaching and Learning Economics? Proceedings of the 2nd International Research Conference on Economics and Business (IRCEB 2018), May, 50–55. Retrieved from

Siregar, I. A. S., Setiawan, D., & Saragi, D. (2023). Development Of Multimedia Learning Based On Microsoft Power Points to Increasing The Results of Class III Students’ Vocational School Learning On Theme 4" Obligations And Rights". Sensei International Journal of Education and Linguistic, 3(1), 106–125.

Suchyadi, Y., & Suharyati, H. (2021). The Use Of Multimedia As An Effort To Improve The Understanding Ability Of Basic School Teachers ‘Creative Thinking In The Era ‘Freedom Of Learning,.’ In Merdeka Belajar. Yogyakarta: Zahir Publishing.

Sugiyono. (2018). Research Methods. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Susanti, N., Yennita, Y., & Azhar, A. (2020). Development of contextual based electronic global warming modules using flipbook applications as physics learning media in high schools. Journal of Educational Sciences, 4(3), 541.

Zulkifli, N., Ferdiansyah, H., & Mardhatillah, M. (2021). The Development of Multimedia Computer Graphics Learning in Supporting Learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Edumaspul: Jurnal Pendidikan, 5(2), 335–342.

Author Biographies

Salome Rajagukguk, Universitas Simalungun

Asmina Herawaty Sinaga, Universitas Dharma Agung

Fenny Mustika Piliang, Pendidikan Biologi Universitas Simalungun.

Alfian Tanjung, Stais Al-Ishlahiyah Binjai.

Asmayani, Stais Al-Ishlahiyah Binjai.


Copyright (c) 2023 Salome Rajagukguk, Asmina Herawaty Sinaga, Fenny Mustika Piliang, Alfian Tanjung, Asmayani

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).