Systematic Literature Review of Chemistry Learning to Improve Students’ Creative Thinking Skills


I Nyoman Suardana , I Wayan Redhana , Kompyang Selamet






Vol. 10 No. 3 (2024): March


Chemistry learning, Creative thinking skills, Literature review



How to Cite

Suardana, I. N., Redhana, I. W., & Selamet, K. (2024). Systematic Literature Review of Chemistry Learning to Improve Students’ Creative Thinking Skills. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 10(3), 124–129.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


The purpose of this study is to discuss novel approaches to teaching chemistry that enhance students' creative thinking skills (CTSs), as well as the kinds of research that are conducted and the tools that are used to measure CTSs. . This research use the PRISMA paradigm in conjunction with a systematic literature review approach. This method was employed by searching for Google Scholar. The analysis results of eight relevant journals and proceeding articles show five articles discussing the implementation of chemistry learning strategies to improve students’ CTSs, with the distribution as follows: problem-based learning-scaffolding, STEAM-PjBL, case-based Learning, STMCpE textbooks based on chemo-entrepreneurship, and students’ worksheet with the mind mapping strategy which amounts to 20.00% each. The types of research used were experimental methods (37.50%), research and developmental methods (12.50%), survey research (12.50%), ex post facto research (12.50%), and qualitative research (descriptive approach) (25.00%). Instruments for measuring CTSs are in the form of a CTS test with indicators developed by Torrance (75.00%), non-test (interview and observation) (12.50%), and unclear instrument (12.50%).


Adriyawati, Utomo, E., Rahmawati, Y., & Mardiah, A. (2020). Steam-Project-Based Learning Integration to Improve Elementary School Students’ Scientific Literacy on Alternative Energy Learning. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(5), 1863–1873.

Ahmar, D. S., Ramlawati, Masri, M., & Ahmar, A. S. (2017). The Relationship between Prior Knowledge and Creative Thinking Ability in Chemistry. Educational Process: International Journal, 6(3). Retrieved from Satria Ahmar-Ramlawati-Edupij.pdf

Alabbasi, A. M. A., Paek, S. H., Kim, D., & Cramond, B. (2022). What Do Educators Need to Know about the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking: A Comprehensive Review. Frontiers in Psychology, 13(October), 1–14.

Amaliyah, F., Supeno, S., & Wahyuni, S. (2023). The Profile of Junior High School Students’ Creative Thinking Skills about Alternative Energy in Science Learning. Unnes Science Education Journal, 12(1), 18–23.

Biazus, M. de O., & Mahtar, S. (2022). The Impact of Project-Based Learning (PjBL) Model on Secondary Students’ Creative Thinking Skills. International Journal of Essential Competencies in Education, 1(1), 38–48.

Chintya, J., Haryani, S., Linuwih, S., & Marwoto, P. (2023). Analysis of the Application of the Project Based Learning (PjBL) Learning Model on Increasing Student Creativity in Science Learning in Elementary Schools. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 9(6), 4558–4565.

Ciraj, A. M., Vinod, P., & Ramnarayan, K. (2010). Enhancing Active Learning in Microbiology through Case Based Learning: Experiences from an Indian Medical School. Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology, 53(4), 729–733.

Darussyamsu, R., Karisfa, S. V., Arsih, F., & Rahmadhani, F. (2019). Natural Science Higher Order Thinking Skills Analysis of Junior High School Students. 10(ICoBioSE 2019), 10, 207–214.

Ernawati, M. D. W., Muhammad, D., Asrial, A., & Muhaimin, M. (2019). Identifying Creative Thinking Skills in Subject Matter Bio-Chemistry. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 8(4), 581–589.

Ernawati, M. D. W., Sudarmin, Asrial, Damris, M., Haryanto, Nevriansyah, E., Fitriani, R., & Putri, W. A. (2022). How Scaffolding Integrated with Problem Based Learning can Improve Creative Thinking in Chemistry? European Journal of Educational Research, 11(3), 1349–1361.

Feranie, S., Athiyyah, R., Rahmat, A. D., Machmudin, D., & Syafia, N. (2023). Implementation Levels of Inquiry with Blended Learning to Improve Creative Thinking Skills in the Pandemic Era. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 9(7), 4923–4930.

Hadzigeorgiou, Y., Fokialis, P., & Kabouropoulou, M. (2012). Thinking about Creativity in Science Education. Creative Education, 03(05), 603–611.

Kardoyo, Nurkhin, A., Muhsin, & Pramusinto, H. (2020). Problem-Based Learning Strategy: Its Impact on Students’ Critical and Creative Thinking Skills. European Journal of Educational Research, 9(3), 1141–1150.

Kim, K. H. (2017). The Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking - Figural or Verbal: Which One Should We Use? Creativity. Theories–Research–Applications, 4(2), 302–321.

Lestari, T. P., Sarwi, S., & Sumarti, S. S. (2018). STEM-Based Project-Based Learning Model to Increase Science Process and Creative Thinking Skills of 5th Grade. Journal of Primary Education, 7(1), 18–24. Retrieved from

Maciejewski, M. L. (2020). Quasi-Experimental Design. Biostatistics and Epidemiology, 4(1), 38–47.

Madyani, I., Yamtinah, S., Utomo, S. B., Saputro, S., & Mahardiani, L. (2020). Profile of Students’ Creative Thinking Skills in Science Learning. ICLIGE, 397(Icliqe 2019), 957–964.

Miranti, M. G., & Wilujeng, B. Y. (2018). Creative thinking skills enhancement using mind mapping. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 112, 39–42.

Nair, S. P., Shah, T., Seth, S., Pandit, N., & Shah, G. V. (2013). Implementation of Problem-Based Learning with Green Chemistry Vision to Improve Creative Thinking Skill and Students’ Creative Actions. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 7(8), 1576–1578.

Nuswowati, M., Susilaningsih, E., Ramlawati, & Kadarwati, S. (2017). Implementation of problem-based learning with green chemistry vision to improve creative thinking skill and students’ creative actions. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 6(2), 221–228.

Pabrianto, Roshayanti, F., & Siswanto, J. (2023). Profile of Creative Thinking Skills and Student Learning Outcomes in Project-Based Science Learning. Indonesian Journal of Education, 3(2), 235–240. Retrieved from

Perdana, R., Budiyono, Sajidan, & Sukarmin. (2019). Analysis of Student Critical and Creative Thinking (CCT) Skills on Chemistry: A Study of Gender Differences. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 9(4), 43–52.

Pramesti, D., Probosari, R. M., & Indriyanti, N. Y. (2022). Effectiveness of Project Based Learning Low Carbon STEM and Discovery Learning to Improve Creative Thinking Skills. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 3(3), 444–456.

Pratama, I. P. A., Suwatra, I. I. W., & Wibawa, I. M. C. (2020). Guided Inquiry Learning Assisted with Mind Mapping Affects on Science’s Creative Thinking Ability. International Journal of Elementary Education, 4(4), 503–509.

Pratiwi, R. D., Ashadi, & Sukarmin. (2019). Profile of Students’ Creative Thinking Skills Using Open-ended Multiple Choice Test in Science Learning. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1397(1).

Purwati, S., & Alberida, H. (2022). Profile of Students’ Creative Thinking Skills in High School. Thinking Skills and Creativity Journal, 5(1), 22–27.

Putri, S. U., Sumiati, T., & Larasati, I. (2019). Improving Creative Thinking Skill through Project-Based-Learning in Science for Primary School. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1157(2).

Rahmawati, Y., Ridwan, A., Hadinugrahaningsih, T., & Soeprijanto. (2019). Developing Critical and Creative Thinking Skills through STEAM Integration in Chemistry Learning. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1156(1).

Saputri, M., Nurulwati, N., & Musdar, M. (2023). Implementation of Guided Inquiry Learning Model to Improve Students’ Creative Thinking Skills in Physics. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 9(3), 1107–1111.

Sohrabi, C., Franchi, T., Mathew, G., Kerwan, A., Nicola, M., Griffin, M., Agha, M., & Agha, R. (2021). PRISMA 2020 Statement: What’s New and the Importance of Reporting Guidelines. International Journal of Surgery, 88(March), 39–42.

Sudrajat, U., Ardianto, D., & Permanasari, A. (2023). Engineering Design Process (EDP)-Based Learning to Enhance High School Students’ Creativity in Alternative Energy Topics. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 9(11), 9547–9553.

Sukarso, A. A., Artayasa, I. P., Bahri, S., & Azizah, A. (2022). Provision of Creative Teaching Materials in Improving Creative Disposition and Creative Thinking Skills of High School Students. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 8(6), 2728–2736.

Sumarni, W., & Kadarwati, S. (2020). Application of STMCpE-Based Chemistry Books with Chemo-Entrepreneurship Orientation in the Learning of Acid-Base Solutions to Improve Students’ Creative Thinking Skills. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 9(1), 11–21.

Sutarto, Nuriman, Budiarso, A. S., & Hasanah, N. (2021). Application of STMCpE-Based chemistry books with chemo-entrepreneurship orientation in the learning of acid-base solutions to improve students’ creative thinking skills. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1832(1).

Vani, A. C., Stephen, S., Anjana, V., Sreekala, P. L., Eranholi, P., & Rema, A. K. (2022). Using Student‑Designed Cases to Foster Creative and Critical Thinking Skills in Biochemistry. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 11(October), 1–8. Retrieved from

Walser, T. M. (2014). Quasi-Experiments in Schools: The Case for Historical Cohort Control Groups. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 19(6), 1–8.

Wardani, H. (2020). Development of Students’ Worksheet with Mind Mapping Strategy to Improve the Students’ Creative Thinking Skills on Stoiciometry Materials. Journal of Chemistry Education Research, 3(2), 58–64.

Wartono, W., Diantoro, M., & Bartlolona, J. R. (2018). Influence of Problem-Based Learning Learning Model on Student Creative Thinking on Elasticity Topics A Material. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 14(1), 32–39.

Wijayati, N., Sumarni, W., & Supanti, S. (2019). Improving Student Creative Thinking Skills through Project-Based Learning. KnE Social Sciences, 408–421.

Yamin, Y., Permanasari, A., Redjeki, S., & Sopandi, W. (2020). Implementing Project-Based Learning to Enhance Creative Thinking Skills on Water Pollution Topic. Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia, 6(2), 225–232.

Zan, A. M., Nilyani, K., Azriyanti, R., Asrizal, A., & Festiyed, F. (2023). Effect of STEM-Based Mathematics and Natural Science Teaching Materials on Students’ Critical and Creative Thinking Skills: A Meta-Analysis. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 9(6), 54–64.

Zubaidah, S., Fuad, N. M., Mahanal, S., & Suarsini, E. (2017). Improving Creative Thinking Skills of Students through Differentiated Science Inquiry Integrated with Mind Map. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 14(4), 77–91.

Author Biographies

I Nyoman Suardana, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

I Wayan Redhana, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Kompyang Selamet, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha


Copyright (c) 2024 I Nyoman Suardana, I Wayan Redhana, Kompyang Selamet

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).