Continuous Development and Cultivation of Soybean as A Result of Multigamma Irradiation through Final Purifying Method

Authors

  • Bartholomeus Pasangka Professor of Nuclear Physics, Department of Physical and Agricultural Sciences, Nusa Cendana University
  • Irvandi Gorby Lecturer Staff of Analytical Mathematics Department of Mathematics Faculty of Sciences and Engineering Nusa Cendana University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29303/jppipa.v7i2.611

Keywords:

Development, Cultivation, Soybean, Multigamma, Irradiation, Purifying

Abstract

Soybean was the first legumes in Indonesia with production more decreased, while fulfill of public societies were increased. In order that, it was necessary developed and cultivated with technology application. The main problem investigated in this work was the continuous development of Soybean as a result of multi-gamma irradiation on the first year of research. On the second, third, and the fourth year of research, varieties of mutants were purified by carefully selection while growth of plant until to harvest. The selection type was individual selections. In the same time was done multi-locations test. This work obtained five variations of superior varieties of mutant after purifying, which production range about 3.58 -5.12 t/ha, and the total average production about 4.48 t/ha. Range production of initial variety about 1.96-2.61 t/ha and average production of initial (control) soybean about 2.40 t/ha. Percentage rate production of superior selected mutant variety after purifying about 46.47%

References

Aimon., H., Satrianto., & Alpon. (2014). Consumption Prospect and Import of Soybean in Indonesia, 2015 - 2020. Journal of Economics Study, III(5). Country University Padang.

Arsyad, D.M & Syam, M. (1998). Soybean Increasing Source of Production and Cultivation Technique, Puslitbangtan.

Atman. (2014). Soybean Production: Strategy Increase production of Soybean through PTT. Yogyakarta.

Azis. (2014). Factors Influence value of Soybean in Indonesia, Jakarta. Scientific Bulletin Trade Litbang, l 8(1).

Azzamy. (2015). Disease and Pest of Soybean.

Atman. (2006). Cultivation of Soybean at wet rice field, BPTP West Sumatera.

Baliardi, Y., & Saleh, N. (1989). The main Viruses in production Center of Soybean in East Java. Proceeding on National Congres X and Scientific Seminar PFA, Dempasar.

Darussalam, M. (1989). Radiation and Radioisotopes, the principle Using in Biology, Medicine, and Agriculture, Tarsito. Bandung.

Hasan, N., Erma Suryan., & Hendrawan, R. (2015). Analysis of Soybean Production and Demand to Develop Strategic Policy of Food Self. Procedia Computer Science 72; 605 - 612.

Indrawan, S. (2009). The New Superior Variety of Soybean as a Result of Breeding with Radiation Method. Journal Science and Nuclear Technology, 1(6), 12-38. Retrieved from http://sony42.wordpress.com/2009/02/26/

Irwan, A. W. (2006). Cultivation of Soybean, Jatinangor.

Krisnawati., Ayda., & Adie, M.M. (2015). Selections of Soybean Genotypes by Seed Size and its Prospects for Industrial Raw Material in Indonesia. Procedia Food Science, 3, pp. 355-363.

Mansyuriadi. (2015). Analysis of Production Increasing of Soybean in Indonesia, Agro-economics Journal, 17(1). 27-36.

Marwoto., Hardaningsih, S., & Taufiq, A. (2017). Disease and Pest of Soybean. Identification and Restraint, Research Center and Plant Food Development, Organization of Research and Agricultural Development.

McFarlane, I., & O’Connor. (2014). World soybean trade: growth and sustainability. Modern Economy, Vol 5(5). 580-588.

Nancy, O., Hisjam, M., & Sutopo, W. (2018). The dynamic simulation model of soybean in Central Java to support food self sufficiency: A supply chain perspective. AIP Conference Proceedings 1931, 030015 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5024074

Okada, T., Tengkono, W., & Djuwarso, T. (1988). An Outline of Soybean Pest in Indonesia in Faunistic Aspects, Seminar Balittan Bogor.

Pasangaka, B., & Jaelani, A.K. (2010). The Breeding of Local Corn by Multi-gamma Radiation Method (Nuclear) in West Timor East Nusa Tenggara Indonesia, Journal of Technoscientia, 3(1), 11-21.

Pasangka, B., & Refli. (2013a). Developing of Local Peanut Based on Multiculture That Tolerant to Abiotic and Biotic Conditions with Multigamma Radiation Method (Nuclear). Journal of Agricultural Science; 5(5). 15-25. Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education, URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v5n5p15, .

Pasangka, B., & Refli. (2013b). The Application of Multigamma Radiation as a Physical Mutagen for Breeding of Local Soybean, Journal of Agricultural Science; 5(6). 201-210. Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education, URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v5n6p201

Pasangka, B., & Refli. (2016). Development and Cultivation of Local Kidney Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L) Through Breeding to use Multi gamma Irradiation Technique (Nuclear), American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, Science Publications, URL: https://thescipub.com, DOI: 10.3844/ajabssp.2016.117.127, pp. 117-127.

Pasangka, B. (2018). Cultivation of Soybean as a Result of Genetic Mutation with Nuclear Technique (Multi-gamma Irradiation) Final Revision Edition, Publishing UNDANA Press and Nusa Indah.

Pasangka, B. (2019). Cultivation of Vigna Radiata L as a Result of Genetic Mutation with Nuclear Technique, Fist Edition, Publishing UNDANA Press and Nusa Indah.

Saktyanu, K.D. (2014). Policy Analysis for Indonesia’s Rice, Maize and Soybean Development in Dealing with ASEAN Free Trade, Central of Economic Social, Journal of Economic Study, 8(5).

Statistics Center Organization. (2014). Statistical Year Book of Indonesia. Jakarta.

Zakaria A. K., Wahyuning, K.S., & Kustiari, R. (2018). The Analysis of Competitiveness of the Soybean Commodity According to Agro the Ecosystem: The Case in Three Provinces in Indonesia, Analysis Center of Economic Social and Agriculture Policy. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 28(1), 21-37.

Downloads

Published

2021-04-03

Issue

Section

Articles "Regular Issue"