The Use of Insecticides Viewed from a Technical View of Applications in Corn Crops: Case Study of Corn Farmer Behavior


Arfan , Sri Sudewi , Mukhlis , Mismawarni Srima Ningsih






Vol. 10 No. 4 (2024): April


Application, Corn farmers, Herbivore insect, Insecticides, Zea mays

Research Articles


How to Cite

Arfan, A., Sudewi, S., Mukhlis, M., & Ningsih, M. S. (2024). The Use of Insecticides Viewed from a Technical View of Applications in Corn Crops: Case Study of Corn Farmer Behavior. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 10(4), 1556–1563.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Synthetic insecticides are still used as the main solution in suppressing herbivorous insect attacks on maize at the farm level. The purpose of this research is to determine and find new ways farmers use insecticides wisely through a multi-aspect approach. The method used to determine the sample was purposive sampling with 50 corn farmers spread across five villages in the Tambulava sub-district. Primary data collection was obtained by observation through direct interviews with corn farmers using a prepared semi-structured questionnaire, and secondary data were obtained through a literature study and various sources related to research issues. Quantitative data were analyzed by simple tabulation (cross-tabulation analysis), while qualitative data were analyzed using an interpretation of existing phenomena. The results showed that four herbivorous insect species attacked corn plants in the Tanambulava District: Spodoptera frugiperda, Helicoverva armigera, Ostrinia furnacalis, and Locusta sp. Insecticide application time by local farmers is generally done in the morning by 90%, with application frequency varying 1-3 times a week. There are 13 active insecticide ingredients used by corn farmers in Tambulava District, Sigi Regency.


Adlini, M. N., Dinda, A. H., Yulinda, S., Chotimah, O., & Merliyana, S. J. (2022). Metode penelitian kualitatif studi pustaka. Edumaspul: Jurnal Pendidikan, 6(1), 974-980.

Arsi, A., Lailaturrahmi, L., Suparman, S. H. K., Hamidson, H., Pujiastuti, Y., Gunawan, B., ... & Umayah, A. (2022). Inventarisasi spesies dan intensitas serangan hama tanaman terung (Solanum melongena L.) pada dua sistem kultur teknis di daerah Kabupaten Agam, Sumatera Barat. Agrikultura, 33(2), 126-137.

Aslantas, S., Golge, O., González-Curbelo, M. Á., & Kabak, B. (2023). Determination of 355 Pesticides in Lemon and Lemon Juice by LC-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS. Foods, 12(9), 1–12.

Azhari, R., Nababan, R., & Hakim, L. (2021). Strategi Pengendalian Hama Tanaman Padi Dalam Peningkatan Produksi Pertanian Oleh Dinas Pertanian Kabupaten Karawang. JAS (Jurnal Agri Sains), 5(2), 199-210.

Basir-Cyio, M., Mahfudz, Isrun, & Zeffitni. (2021). The impact of liquefaction disaster on farming systems at agriculture land based on technical and psychosocial perspectives. PLoS ONE, 16(1 January), 1–15.

BPS. (2020). Kabupaten Sigi Dalam Angka “Sigi Regency in Figure” 2020 (BPS (ed.); 1st ed.). UD. Rio Palu.

Chang, J., Luo, H., Li, L., Zhang, J., Harvey, J., Zhao, Y., Zhang, G., & Liu, Y. (2023). Mycotoxin risk management in maize gluten meal. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 0(0), 1–20.

Damalas, C. A., & Koutroubas, S. D. (2016). Farmers’ exposure to pesticides: Toxicity types and ways of prevention. Toxics, 4(1), 1–10.

Debaeke, P., Casadebaig, P., & Langlade, N. B. (2021). New challenges for sunflower ideotyping in changing environments and more ecological cropping systems. OCL - Oilseeds and Fats, Crops and Lipids, 28.

Effendi, K., Munif, A., & Winasa, I. W. (2020). Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Tindakan Petani Upsus dalam Mengendalikan Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman Padi. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 25(4), 515-523.

Erenstein, O., Jaleta, M., Sonder, K., Mottaleb, K., & Prasanna, B. M. (2022). Global maize production, consumption and trade: trends and R&D implications. Food Security, 14(5), 1295–1319.

Fenibo, E. O., Ijoma, G. N., Nurmahomed, W., & Matambo, T. (2022). The Potential and Green Chemistry Attributes of Biopesticides for Sustainable Agriculture. Sustainability, 14(21), 14417.

Gunawan, B., Umayah, A., Pujiastuti, Y., & Hamidson, H. (2023). The Evaluation of Implementation of Integrated Pest and Disease Control by Farmers of Food and Holticultural Corps in Banyuasin and Ogan Komering Ulu Timur. Sainmatika: Jurnal Ilmiah Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, 20(1), 63-71.

Hade, W. S., Djamilah, D., & Priyatiningsih, P. (2020). Entomopatogen nematode exploration and virulency against Spodoptera frugiperda J.E Smith. AGRITROPICA: Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(2), 70–81.

Hardiansyah, R., Walida, H., Dalimunthe, B. A., & Harahap, F. S. (2022). Pengendalian Hama Kumbang Tanduk (Oryctes Rhinoceros L) Dengan Pemanfaatan Sari Buah Nanas Dan Air Nira Sebagai Perangkap Ferotrap Alternatif Di Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Lahan Tani Jaya Rokan Hilir. Jurnal Agro Estate, 6(1), 1-8.

Hasmari, H., Arfan, A., Jaya, K., Ratnawati, R., & Andika, A. (2022). Distribution of Types and Management of Insecticides Based on Technical Applications in Palu Local Shallots. International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics, 17(4), 595–600.

Hervani, D., & Sari, S. P. (2022). The abundance of arthropods and natural enemies on two growth phases of hybrid corn, Solok District, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 23(6), 2966–2972.

Horgan, F. G., & Peñalver-Cruz, A. (2022). Compatibility of Insecticides with Rice Resistance to Planthoppers as Influenced by the Timing and Frequency of Applications. Insects, 13(2).

Istriningsih, Dewi, Y. A., Yulianti, A., Hanifah, V. W., Jamal, E., Dadang, Sarwani, M., Mardiharini, M., Anugrah, I. S., Darwis, V., Suib, E., Herteddy, D., Sutriadi, M. T., Kurnia, A., & Harsanti, E. S. (2022). Farmers’ knowledge and practice regarding good agricultural practices (GAP) on safe pesticide usage in Indonesia. Heliyon, 8(1), e08708.

Jiao, Y., Chen, H. D., Han, H., & Chang, Y. (2022). Development and Utilization of Corn Processing by-Products: A Review. Foods, 11(22).

Kaur, S., Egidi, E., Qiu, Z., Macdonald, C. A., Verma, J. P., Trivedi, P., Wang, J., Liu, H., & Singh, B. K. (2022). Synthetic community improves crop performance and alters rhizosphere microbial communities. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and Environment, 1(2), 118–131.

Lisdayani, L., & Wahyuni, H. (2022). Pengelolaan Tanaman Refugia Sebagai Mikrohabitat Musuh Alami Pada Tanaman Cabai Merah (Capsicum annum L.). AGRIUM: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian, 25(1), 1-6.

López-Arredondo, D., González-Morales, S. I., Bello-Bello, E., Alejo-Jacuinde, G., & Herrera, L. (2015). Engineering food crops to grow in harsh environments. F1000Research, 4.

Lu, Y., Rao, Q., Zhang, Q., Liu, X., Song, W., Guan, S., Chen, S., & Song, W. (2021). Study on the dynamic difference between single and mixed residues of three neonicotinoids in brassica chinensis L. Molecules, 26(21).

Majeed, W., Khawaja, M., Rana, N., de Azevedo Koch, E. B., Naseem, R., & Nargis, S. (2022). Evaluation of insect diversity and prospects for pest management in agriculture. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 42(3), 2249–2258.

Masturina, S. A., Sudarjat, S., & Nasahi, C. (2022). The Effectiveness of Azadirachta Indica A. Juss. and Barringtonia Asiatica L. Kurz. Seed Extract to Controlling Macrosiphoniella Sanborni (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Chrysanthemum Morifolium Var. Jayanti. CROPSAVER-Journal of Plant Protection, 5(2), 71-76.

Matowo, N. S., Tanner, M., Munhenga, G., Mapua, S. A., Finda, M., Utzinger, J., Ngowi, V., & Okumu, F. O. (2020). Patterns of pesticide usage in agriculture in rural Tanzania call for integrating agricultural and public health practices in managing insecticide-resistance in malaria vectors. Malaria Journal, 19(1), 1–16.

Mberulata, N., Berek, N. C., & Setyobudi, A. (2022). Pesticide Use and Health Complaints among Farmers in Lata Lanyir Village, Lewa Tidahu Sub District, East Sumba Regency. Media Kesehatan Masyarakat, 4(2), 252-263.

Meijer, N., de Rijk, T., van Loon, J. J. A., Zoet, L., & van der Fels-Klerx, H. J. (2021). Effects of insecticides on mortality, growth and bioaccumulation in black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae. PLoS ONE, 16(4 April), 1–16.

Meilin, A., & Rubiana, R. (2018). Effect of rice husk biochar application to soil insect diversity on potato cultivation. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 122(1).

Mulyati, Baharuddin, A. B., & Tejowulan, R. S. (2021). Improving Maize (Zea mays L.) growth and yield by the application of inorganic and organic fertilizers plus. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 712(1), 1–8.

Naftaly, B. D. C., Windriyanti, W., & Rahmadhini, N. (2024). Efisiensi Beberapa Jenis Warna Lampu terhadap Keanekaragaman Serangga Nokturnal pada Pertanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.). Agroteknika, 7(1), 11-23.

Ndiaye, B., Joutei, A. B., & Lahlali, R. (2022). Managing spider mites in corn: A review. Mor. J. Agri. Sci, 3(March), 19–28.

Nicolopoulou-Stamati, P., Maipas, S., Kotampasi, C., Stamatis, P., & Hens, L. (2016). Chemical Pesticides and Human Health: The Urgent Need for a New Concept in Agriculture. Frontiers in Public Health, 4(July), 1–8.

Nowosad, Kamila, Jan Bocianowski, Farzad Kianersi, and Alireza Pour-Aboughadareh. 2023. "Analysis of Linkage on Interaction of Main Aspects (Genotype by Environment Interaction, Stability and Genetic Parameters) of 1000 Kernels in Maize (Zea mays L.)" Agriculture 13, no. 10: 2005.

Nurdin, S., Ali, A. A., Marhum, F. A., & Ramadhani, S. (2022). The change of land use and land suitability of agriculture due to flow liquefaction in Palu and Sigi valley after the Palu earthquake in September 2018. E3S Web of Conferences, 340(September 2018).

Okwunodulu, I. N., Ugochukwu, C., Ndife, J., & Ubbor, S. (2023). Correlation of Processing Techniques with Some Quality Indexes of Soy-Akamu Prepared with Yellow Maize, Sprouted and Un-Sprouted Soybean. Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress, 19(1), 21.

Orta, G. C., Álvarez, H. A., Madeira, F., & Albajes, R. (2022). The Influence of Planting Periods on Herbivore and Natural Enemy Abundance on Yellow Sticky Traps in Bt Maize Fields. Insects, 13(4).

Pisa, L., Goulson, D., Yang, E. C., Gibbons, D., Sánchez-Bayo, F., Mitchell, E., Aebi, A., van der Sluijs, J., MacQuarrie, C. J. K., Giorio, C., Long, E. Y., McField, M., Bijleveld van Lexmond, M., & Bonmatin, J. M. (2021). An update of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment (WIA) on systemic insecticides. Part 2: impacts on organisms and ecosystems. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28(10), 11749–11797.

Pratiwi, L., & Apriyadi, R. (2023). Keanekaragaman Coccinellid Predator sebagai Musuh Alami Hama Kutu-Kutuan pada Ekosistem Pertanaman Cabai Merah di Kecamatan Merawang, Kabupaten Bangka. Jurnal Sumberdaya Hayati, 9(3), 119-124.

Raderschall, C. A., Vico, G., Lundin, O., Taylor, A. R., & Bommarco, R. (2021). Water stress and insect herbivory interactively reduce crop yield while the insect pollination benefit is conserved. Global Change Biology, 27(1), 71–83.

Radityo, B. A. K., Yanuartati, B. Y. E., & Karyadi, L. W. (2023). Perilaku Petani Terhadap Program Penerapan Pestisida Nabati Dalam Program Pengendalian Hama Terpadu Di Kabupaten Lombok Barat. AGROTEKSOS, 33(1), 166-176.

Rawal, S., Thapa, S., Singh, R. B., & Tripathi, M. P. (2023). Agromorphological Characterization of Maize Hybrids and Estimation of Genetic Parameters in Mid-Hills of Far-West Nepal. Advances in Agriculture, 2023.

Rofi, A., & Pancarini, B. H. (2023). The Impact of the Sulawesi Earthquake on Maize Farmers in Sigi District Central Sulawesi: A Value Chain Analysis (Vol. 1, Issue September 2018). Atlantis Press International BV.

Salsabilla, F., & Siregar, H. M. (2023). Evaluation of the effectiveness of repellent plants in controlling stem borers Apomecyna saltator F.(Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) on honey pumpkin plants with intercropping patterns. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia, 20(1), 57-57.

Seleiman, M. F., Al-Suhaibani, N., Ali, N., Akmal, M., Alotaibi, M., Refay, Y., Dindaroglu, T., Abdul-Wajid, H. H., & Battaglia, M. L. (2021). Drought stress impacts on plants and different approaches to alleviate its adverse effects. Plants, 10(2), 1–25.

Septariani, D. N., Herawati, A., & Mujiyo, M. (2019). Pemanfaatan berbagai tanaman refugia sebagai pengendali hama alami pada tanaman cabai (Capsicum annum L.). PRIMA: Journal of Community Empowering and Services, 3(1), 1-9.

Siregar, I. A. (2021). Analisis dan interpretasi data kuantitatif. ALACRITY: Journal of Education, 39-48.

Siswanti, S., Saviatri, R., & Pratama, J. A. (2022). Mass Transfer Coefficient Extraction of Oleoresin from Zodia Leaf (Evodia suaveolens) with Ethanol Solvent Using Ultrasonic Cleaner. Eksergi, 19(2), 63-70.

Sternberg, E. D., & Thomas, M. B. (2018). Insights from agriculture for the management of insecticide resistance in disease vectors. Evolutionary Applications, 11(4), 404–414.

Suminah, & Anantanyu, S. (2023). Strategy for empowering corn farmers due to climate change in Wonoharjo Village Kemusu Boyolali. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1165(1).

Sun, X., Ritzema, H., Huang, X., Bai, X., & Hellegers, P. (2022). Assessment of farmers’ water and fertilizer practices and perceptions in the North China Plain. Irrigation and Drainage, 71(4), 980–996.

Tang H, Liu Z, Long X (2021) Analyzing the farmers’ pro-environmental behavior intention and their rural tourism livelihood in tourist village where its ecological environment is polluted. PLoS ONE 16(3): e0247407.

Urio, N. H., Pinda, P. G., Ngonzi, A. J., Muyaga, L. L., Msugupakulya, B. J., Finda, M., Matanila, G. S., Mponzi, W., Ngowo, H. S., Kahamba, N. F., Nkya, T. E., & Okumu, F. O. (2022). Effects of agricultural pesticides on the susceptibility and fitness of malaria vectors in rural south-eastern Tanzania. Parasites and Vectors, 15(1), 1–14.

Versari, A., Sukendra, D. M., & Wulandhari, S. A. (2021). Overview of Domestic and Agricultural Pesticides Use Contributing to Aedes aegypti Resistence in Ambarawa Subdistrict, Indonesia. Unnes Journal of Public Health, 10(1), 100–109.

Widiarta, I. N. (2021). Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Pengendalian Hama Terpadu Pada Tanaman Padi Berbasis Teknologi Informasi. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian Vol, 40(1), 9-20.

Wisnujati, N. S., & Sangadji, S. S. (2021). Pengelolaan Penggunaan Pestisida Dalam Mendukung Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Di Indonesia. SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, 18(1), 92-100.

Zhang, R., Ma, S., Li, L., Zhang, M., Tian, S., Wang, D., Liu, K., Liu, H., Zhu, W., & Wang, X. (2021). Comprehensive utilization of corn starch processing by-products: A review. Grain and Oil Science and Technology, 4(3), 89–107.

Author Biographies

Arfan, Universitas Alkhairaat

Sri Sudewi, Alkhairaat University

Mukhlis, Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh

Mismawarni Srima Ningsih, Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh


Copyright (c) 2024 Arfan, Sri Sudewi, Mukhlis, Mismawarni Srima Ningsih

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).