Soil Quality Index Analysis of Pine Forest Land Use Types on Dryland in Aceh Besar Regency


Umar Husein Abdullah , Reza Salima , Mulyanti , Mukhlis , Sufardi






Vol. 10 No. 6 (2024): June


Dryland, Pine forests, Soil quality index

Research Articles


How to Cite

Abdullah, U. H., Salima, R., Mulyanti, Mukhlis, & Sufardi. (2024). Soil Quality Index Analysis of Pine Forest Land Use Types on Dryland in Aceh Besar Regency. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 10(6), 2971–2977.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


This study aims to determine the analysis of soil quality index in pine forest land use type on dry land in Aceh Besar Regency. This research focused on several field observation points in the pine forest land use type area on dry land in Aceh Besar Regency. The soil quality index in the pine forest land use type in Aceh Besar Regency is included in the medium category. This is due to soil sampling on the inceptisol soil type in Aceh Besar Regency, which has characteristics of less fertile soil. Soils that have a high percentage of dust have a higher risk of erosion, because dust has a relatively small size so that it is easily washed away by surface flow. low C-organic content, high volume weight, pH H2O, K- exchangeable, P-available and low N-total. In the type of pine forest land use, special treatment is needed in the form of adding organic matter to the soil by fertilizing, reforesting pine plants and conducting drainage so as to reduce nutrient leaching in the top soil layer.


Akbar, Y., Endiyani, E., Agustina, S., Irhami, I., Rezvani, I., & Irmayanti, I. (2022). Analysis of Soil Quality Index of mixed garden land use type on dry land in Blang Bintang sub-district, Aceh Besar district. Journal of Tropical Crop Agronomy (JUATIKA), 4(1), 155–165.

Amorim, H. C. S., Ashworth, A. J., Brye, K. R., Wienhold, B. J., Savin, M. C., Owens, P. R., & Silva, S. H. G. (2021). Soil quality indices as affected by long‐term burning, irrigation, tillage, and fertility management. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 85(2), 379–395.

Arifin, Z. (2011). Analysis of entisol soil quality index values in different land uses. J. Agroteksos, 21(1), 47–54.

Ashworth, A. J., Owens, P. R., & Allen, F. L. (2020). Long- term cropping systems management influences soil strength and nutrient cycling. Geoderma, 361, 114062.

Bünemann, E.K., Bongiorno, G., Bai, Z., Creamer, R.E., De Deyn, G., De Goede, R., Fleskens, L., Geissen, V., Kuyper, T.W., & Mäder, P. ( 2018). Soil quality–A critical review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 120, 105–125.

Cotrufo, M. F., Ranalli, M. G., Haddix, M. L., Six, J., & Lugato, E. (2019). Soil carbon storage informed by particulate and mineral-associated organic matter. Nature Geoscience, 12(12), 989–994.

De Paul Obade, V., & Lal, R. (2014). Soil quality evaluation under different land management practices. Environmental Earth Sciences, 72, 4531–4549.

De Paul Obade, V., & Lal, R. (2016). A standardized soil quality index for diverse field conditions. Science of the Total Environment, 541, 424–434.

Dewi, N. P. Y. A., Yustiningsih, M., & Saridewi, M. P. (2022). Orchid Exploration in the Forest of Saenam Village as Nuftah Plasma Conservation. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 8(3), 1148– 1150.

Emi, S. (2022). Fertility Status of Inceptisol Soil on Oil Palm Land Use in Pengadang Village, Sekayam District, Sanggau Regency. Pedontropica: Journal of Soil Science and Land Resources, 8(2), 25–35.

Farrasati, R., Pradiko, I., Rahutomo, S., Sutarta, ES, Santoso, H., & Hidayat, F. (2019). Soil organic C in oil palm plantations in North Sumatra: status and relationship with some soil chemical properties. Journal of Soils and Climate, 43(2), 157–165.

Guillaume, T., Maranguit, D., Murtilaksono, K., & Kuzyakov, Y. (2016). Sensitivity and resistance of soil fertility indicators to land-use changes: New concept and examples from conversion of Indonesian rainforest to plantations. Ecological Indicators, 67, 49–57.

Hakim, L., Iemaaniah, ZM, & Rachmadi, A. (2023). Socialization of Forest and Land Rehabilitation Using Civil-Technical Conservation Methods in Land Control in Rembitan Village, Pujut District, Central Lombok. Agricultural Scientist Broadcast Journal, 4(1), 112–117.

Hermon, D., Barlian, E., Umar, I., & Efendi, N. (2023). Post-Coal Mining Reclamation Land Sustainability Study in Tebo Regency. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 9(11), 10330–10337.

Husni, MR, Sufardi, S., & Khalil, M. (2016). Evaluation of fertility status on several types of soil in Dry Land, Pidie Regency, Aceh Province. Agricultural Student Scientific Journal, 1(1), 147–154.

Lestari, A. (2023). Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil in Various Types of Land Use in Lembanna Village, Tinggimoncong District, Gowa Regency. Hasanuddin University.

Ma, Y., Cheng, X., Kang, F., & Han, H. (2022). Dynamic characteristics of soil aggregate stability and related carbon and nitrogen pools at different developmental stages of plantations in northern China. Journal of Environmental Management, 316, 115283.

Mausbach, M. J. (1998). Assessment of soil quality. Soil Quality and Agricultural Sustainability.

Melya, R., & Agus Setiawan, A. (2014). Soil fertility status in two land covers in the Batutegi Lampung Protected Forest Management Unit (KPHL). Sylva Lestari Journal, 2(2), 99–104.

Mukherjee, A., & Lal, R. (2015). Tillage effects on quality of organic and mineral soils under on-farm conditions in Ohio. Environmental Earth Sciences, 74,1815–1822. 015-4189-x

Palloan, P., Ansar, N. A., & Susanto, A. (2023). Analysis of Soil Physical Parameters in Landslide Prone Areas in West Battang Village, Palopo City as Early Mitigation of Landslide Disasters. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 9(11), 10230–10235.

Purnomo, J., Nurjaya, N., & Setyorini, D. (2022). The Effect of NPK 12-6-27 Fertilization on the Growth of Oil Palm Plants in the Main Nursery on Bogor Acid Dry Land. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 8 (SpecialIssue), 129–136.

Partoyo, P. (2005). Analysis of the Soil Quality Index for Sand Dune Agriculture Land at Samas Yogyakarta. Agricultural Science, 12(2), 140–151.

Poukrel, S., Maguire, R.O., Thomason, W.E., & Stewart, R.D. (2022). Building Healthy Soil with Best Management Practices.

Rafika, A., Zuraida, Z., & Muyassir, M. (2022). Application of Compost on Soil Chemical Properties and Nutrient Content of Corn Plants on Inceptisol Dry Land in Krueng Raya, Aceh Besar. Agricultural Student Scientific Journal, 7(2), 665–671. e-ISSN: 2614-6053

Raiesi, F. (2017). A minimum data set and soil quality index to quantify the effect of land use conversion on soil quality and degradation in native rangelands of upland arid and semiarid regions. Ecological Indicators, 75, 307–320.

Raiesi, F., & Salek‐Gilani, S. (2020). Development of a soil quality index for characterizing effects of land-use changes on degradation and ecological restoration of rangeland soils in a semi-arid ecosystem. Land Degradation & Development, 31(12), 1533–1544.

Rinot, O., Levy, G. J., Steinberger, Y., Svoray, T., & Eshel, G. (2019). Soil health assessment: A critical review of current methodologies and a proposed new approach. Science of the Total Environment, 648, 1484–1491.

Sahbudin, S., Khairullah, K., & Sufardi, S. (2020). Soil Acidity and Cation Exchange Properties of Mollisols and Ultisols in Dry Land, Aceh Besar Regency. Agricultural Student Scientific Journal, 5(3), 25–34.

Sallata, M.K. (2013). Pine (Pinus merkusii Jungh et de Vriese) and its presence in Tana Toraja Regency, South Sulawesi. Ebony Bulletin, 10(2), 85–98.

Sheidai Karkaj, E., Sepehry, A., Barani, H., Motamedi, J., & Shahbazi, F. (2019). Establishing a suitable soil quality index for semi-arid rangeland ecosystems in northwest of Iran. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 19, 648–658.

Suwati, S., Muanah, M., Huda, AA, & Gunawan, A. (2022). Economic analysis of tomato cultivation on dryland with drip irrigation technique. Ummat Agrotech Journal, 9(3), 190–197. e-ISSN 2614-6541

Syamsu, J. A., & Yusuf, M. (2019). Sustainability status of pasture for cattle development area in Pinrang Regency, South Sulawesi. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 247(1), 12058.

Tian, K., Zhang, B., Zhang, H., Huang, B., Darilek, J. L., Zhao, Y., & Yang, J. (2020). Evaluation of soil quality in major grain-producing region of the North China Plain: Integrating minimum data set and established critical limits. Ecological Indicators, 117, 106613.

Wasis, B. (2012). Impact of Reforestation Pine Forest Encroachment Activities on the Physical, Chemical, and Biological Properties of Soil in the Lake Toba Protected Area, North Sumatra. Conservation Media, 17(3).

Wasis, B., & Fikri, M. (2021). Growth of Mahogany Seedlings (Swietenia macrophylla) on Tailings Media with the Addition of Coconut Shell Charcoal and Compost Fertilizer. Journal of Tropical Silviculture, 12(3), 109–117.

Wawan, W. (2017). Organic Material Management. Published. Accessed via Https://Mip. Faperta. Uni. Air conditioning. Id/File/Bahanajar/59899-BUKU-AJAR-PBO-PAK-WAWAN-. Pdf On Date, 10.

Xiong, J., Wu, H., Wang, X., Ma, R., & Lin, C. (2024). Response of soil fertility to soil erosion on a regional scale: A case study of Northeast China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 434, 140360.

Zaman, B., Sarminingsih, A., & Pratiwi, L. C. (2023). Review of Potential Biochar Utilization on Soil Quality in Agricultural Environments. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 9 (SpecialIssue), 172–183.

Zheng, X., Wei, L., Lv, W., Zhang, H., Zhang, Y., Zhang, H., Zhang, H., Zhu, Z., Ge, T., & Zhang, W. (2024). Long-term bioorganic and organic fertilization improved soil quality and multifunctionality under continuous cropping in watermelon. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 359, 108721.

Author Biographies

Umar Husein Abdullah, Politeknik Indonesia Venezuela

Reza Salima, Politeknik Indonesia Venezuela

Mulyanti, Politeknik Indonesia Venezuela

Mukhlis, Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh

Sufardi, Universitas Syiah Kuala


Copyright (c) 2024 Umar Husein Abdullah, Reza Salima, Mulyanti, Mukhlis, Sufardi

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).