Essential Omega-3 (n-3PUFA) Nutritional Content of Ptilinopus melanosphila and Chalcophaps indicia Meat


Taslim D Nur , Sariffudin Fatmona , Sri Utami , Abd. Syukur Lumbessy






Vol. 10 No. 6 (2024): June


Chalcophaps indica, Essential nutrient, Omega 3 (n-3PUFA), Ptilinopus melanosphila

Research Articles


How to Cite

Nur, T. D., Fatmona, S., Utami, S., & Lumbessy, A. S. (2024). Essential Omega-3 (n-3PUFA) Nutritional Content of Ptilinopus melanosphila and Chalcophaps indicia Meat. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 10(6), 3374–3382.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Ptilinopus melanosphila and Chalcophaps indica, known as Puna birds among local people of the Sula Islands, North Maluku, Indonesia, while Treron aromaticus, known as Puna Giu, belong to the Columbidae family. These birds are frequently hunted for consumption due to the delectable taste of their meat. This study aims to examine the essential Omega-3 (n-3PUFA) nutritional content, utilizing these two avian species (Ptilinopus melanosphila and Chalcophaps indicia) as samples. Local perceptions consider these birds as identical, hence this study also provides insights into the disparities between the two species based on meat quality analysis. The analysis encompasses proximate analysis, fatty acids, and amino acids, conducted on 6 samples, each encompassing 3 breast meats. These samples were mixed and blended, followed by chemical analysis at the integrated laboratory of Universitas IPB Baranangsiang, with proximate analysis executed at PAU IPB. The results reveal that Ptilinopus melanosphila meat contains crucial nutrients for human consumption, specifically long-chain omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids (n-3PUFA), which are more abundant compared to Chalcophaps indica and several other meat products. The myriad of significant benefits offered by this avian species underscores the importance of recommending its preservation to parties engaged in ex-situ conservation efforts. Furthermore, it is advocated to stimulate the establishment of regional culinary businesses specializing in nutrient-rich Black-Naped Fruit Dove meat.


Ahmad, R. S., Imran, A., & Hussain, M. B. (2018). Nutritional Composition of Meat. In Meat Science and Nutrition, InTech.

Bizieff, A., Cheng, M., Chang, K., Mohammed, H., Ziari, N., Nyangau, E., Fitch, M., & Hellerstein, M. K. (2024). Changes in protein fluxes in skeletal muscle during sequential stages of muscle regeneration after acute injury in male mice. Scientific Reports, 14(1), 13172.

Bradbury, J. (2011). Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA): An ancient nutrient for the modern human brain. Nutrients, 3(5), 529–554.

Carr, I., Glencross, B., & Santigosa, E. (2023). The importance of essential fatty acids and their ratios in aquafeeds to enhance salmonid production, welfare, and human health. Frontiers in Animal Science, 4, 1147081.

Chen, J., & Liu, H. (2020). Nutritional indices for assessing fatty acids: A mini-review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21(16), 1–24.

Chew, H., Solomon, V. A., & Fonteh, A. N. (2020). Involvement of Lipids in Alzheimer’s Disease Pathology and Potential Therapies. Frontiers in Physiology, 11, 1–28.

Colussi, G., Catena, C., Novello, M., Bertin, N., & Sechi, L. A. (2017). Impact of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on vascular function and blood pressure: Relevance for cardiovascular outcomes. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 27(3), 191–200.

Cruzat, V., Macedo Rogero, M., Noel Keane, K., Curi, R., & Newsholme, P. (2018). Glutamine: Metabolism and Immune Function, Supplementation and Clinical Translation. Nutrients, 10(11), 1564.

Damayanti, K. E., Dewi, Y. L. R., Wiboworini, B., & Widyaningsih, V. (2024). Animal protein on stunting prevention: A narrative review. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1292(1).

de Bartolomeis, A., Vellucci, L., Austin, M. C., De Simone, G., & Barone, A. (2022). Rational and Translational Implications of D-Amino Acids for Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia: From Neurobiology to the Clinics. Biomolecules, 12(7).

de Onis, M., & Branca, F. (2016). Childhood stunting: A global perspective. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 12, 12–26.

Dwiloka, B., Rusdiansyah, R., & Pramono, Y. Budi. Dwiloka. B. (2021). Karakteristik Asam Lemak Tak Jenuh Dan Kolesterol Sosis Daging Kalkun Berdasarkan Bagian Dada Dan Paha. Jurnal Pangan Dan Agroindustri, 9(3), 173–180.

Gidding, S. S., Dennison, B. A., Birch, L. L., Daniels, S. R., Gilman, M. W., Lichtenstein, A. H., Rattay, K. T., Steinberger, J., Stettler, N., & Van Horn, L. (2005). Dietary recommendations for children and adolescents: A guide for practitioners consensus statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 112(13), 2061–2075.

Hanane, S., & Yassin, M. (2017). Nest-niche differentiation in two sympatric columbid species from a Mediterranean Tetraclinis woodland: Considerations for forest management. Acta Oecologica, 78, 47-52.

Henchion, M., Moloney, A. P., Hyland, J., Zimmermann, J., & McCarthy, S. (2021). Review: Trends for meat, milk and egg consumption for the next decades and the role played by livestock systems in the global production of proteins. Animal, 15, 100287.

Ickowitz, A., Rowland, D., Powell, B., Salim, M. A., & Sunderland, T. (2016). Forests, trees, and micronutrient-rich food consumption in Indonesia. PLoS ONE, 11(5), 1–15.

Jang, W. J., Oh, D. N., Kim, D. Y., Lee, E. J., & Lee, J. M. (2024). Encapsulation of probiotics with poly-γ-glutamic acid alters gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acid content by maintaining cell viability in the gastrointestinal tract. Food Hydrocolloids, 147(PA), 109328.

Kaya, A. O. W., Wattimena, M. L., Nanlohy, E. E. E. M., & Lewerissa, S. (2024). Proximate and Amino Acid Profile of Feather clams (Anadara antiquata) from Ohoiletman Village Southeast Maluku Regency. Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia, 27(2), 159–173.

Layé, S., Nadjar, A., Joffre, C., & Bazinet, R. P. (2018). Anti-inflammatory effects of omega-3 fatty acids in the brain: Physiological mechanisms and relevance to pharmacology. Pharmacological Reviews, 70(1), 12–38.

Lin, P., Zhang, B., Yang, H., Yang, S., Xue, P., Chen, Y., Yu, S., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Chen, L., Fan, C., Li, F., & Ling, D. (2024). An artificial protein modulator reprogramming neuronal protein functions. Nature Communications, 15(1), 1–16.

Lu, L. W., Quek, S.-Y., Lu, S.-P., & Chen, J.-H. (2023). Potential Benefits of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (N3PUFAs) on Cardiovascular Health Associated with COVID-19: An Update for 2023. Metabolites, 13(5), 630.

Manyi-Loh, C. E., & Lues, R. (2023). A South African Perspective on the Microbiological and Chemical Quality of Meat: Plausible Public Health Implications. In Microorganisms, 11(10).

Mason, R. P., Jacob, R. F., Shrivastava, S., Sherratt, S. C. R., & Chattopadhyay, A. (2016). Eicosapentaenoic acid reduces membrane fluidity, inhibits cholesterol domain formation, and normalizes bilayer width in atherosclerotic-like model membranes. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1858(12), 3131–3140.

Mazhangara, I. R., Chivandi, E., Mupangwa, J. F., & Muchenje, V. (2019). The Potential of Goat Meat in the Red Meat Industry. Sustainability, 11(13), 3671.

Melva Diana, F. (2013). Omega 3 Dan Kecerdasan Anak. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Andalas, 7(2), 82–88.

Nuryanto, N., Putri, A. R., Chasanah, E., Sulchan, M., Afifah, D. N., Martosuyono, P., & Asmak, N. (2023). Profil Asam Amino Makanan Pendamping Asi (Mp-Asi) Protein Hidrolisat Ikan Kuniran. Journal of Nutrition College, 12(3), 232–237.

Nwachukwu, C. U. (2020). Review article: Nutritional effects on fetal development during gestation in ruminants. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 47(2), 245–256.

Ridwan, M. (2015, June 1). Hubungan keanekaragaman burung dan komposisi pohon di Kampus Kentingan Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Jawa Tengah. Seminar Nasional Masyarakat Biodiversitas Indonesia.

Ruocco, C., Malavazos, A. E., Ragni, M., Carruba, M. O., Valerio, A., Iacobellis, G., & Nisoli, E. (2023). Amino acids contribute to adaptive thermogenesis. New insights into the mechanisms of action of recent drugs for metabolic disorders are emerging. Pharmacological Research, 195, 106892.

Sakhawat, A., Siddique, S., Ali, Z., Perveen, Z., & Massey, H. (2023). Fatty Acids and Fat Contents of Wild and Farmed Pigeon Meat. Pakistan Journal of Science, 75(1), 14–17.

Samudera, R., Dharmawati, S., & Prasetiyo, S. (2017). Kadar Lemak Dan Protein Daging Burung Merpati Lokal (Columba Livia) Yang Dipelihara Secara Intensif Dan Dipotong Pada Umur Berbeda. Al Ulum: Jurnal Sains Dan Teknologi, 2(1), 6.

Saputra, A., Hidayati, N. A., & Mardiastuti, A. (2020). Keanekaragaman Burung Pemakan Buah di Hutan Kampus Universitas Bangka Belitung. EKOTONIA: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi, Botani, Zoologi Dan Mikrobiologi, 5(1), 1–8.

Sartika, R. A. D. (2008). Pengaruh Asam Lemak Jenuh, Tidak Jenuh dan Asam Lemak Trans terhadap Kesehatan. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 2(4), 154.

Setiawan, G., & Halim, M. C. (2022). Pengaruh Asam Lemak Omega-3 terhadap Penyakit Kardiovaskular. Cermin Dunia Kedokteran, 49(3), 160–163.

Smolińska, K., Szopa, A., Sobczyński, J., Serefko, A., & Dobrowolski, P. (2024). Nutritional Quality Implications: Exploring the Impact of a Fatty Acid-Rich Diet on Central Nervous System Development. Nutrients, 16(7), 1093.

Von Schacky, C. (2021). Importance of EPA and DHA Blood Levels in Brain Structure and Function. Nutrients, 13(4), 1074.

Wang, L., Zhu, J., Xie, P., & Gong, D. (2023). Pigeon during the Breeding Cycle: Behaviors, Composition and Formation of Crop Milk, and Physiological Adaptation. Life, 13(9), 1866.

Wrońska, D., Kania, B. F., & Szpręgiel, I. (2024). Participation of glutamic acid in the release of catecholamines from the amygdala of rabbits. Medycyna Weterynaryjna, 80(2), 76–82.

Yagi, S., Fukuda, D., Aihara, K. I., Akaike, M., Shimabukuro, M., & Sata, M. (2017). n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: Promising nutrients for preventing cardiovascular disease. Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis, 24(10), 999–1010.

Yang, L., Chu, Z., Liu, M., Zou, Q., Li, J., Liu, Q., Wang, Y., Wang, T., Xiang, J., & Wang, B. (2023). Amino acid metabolism in immune cells: Essential regulators of the effector functions, and promising opportunities to enhance cancer immunotherapy. Journal of Hematology & Oncology, 16(1), 59.

Author Biographies

Taslim D Nur, Universitas Khairun

Sariffudin Fatmona, Universitas Khairun

Sri Utami, Universitas Khairun

Abd. Syukur Lumbessy, Universitas Khairun


Copyright (c) 2024 Taslim D Nur, Sariffudin Fatmona, Sri Utami, Abd. Syukur Lumbessy

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).