Implementation of Agroforestry System of Bakubakulu Village Communities


Andi Sahri Alam , Rafiuddin , Imran Rachman , Hendra Pribadi , Erniwati , Hamzari






Vol. 10 No. 6 (2024): June


Agroforestry, Agroforestry pattern, Permanent random, Temporary regular

Research Articles


How to Cite

Alam, A. S., Rafiuddin, Rachman, I., Pribadi, H., Erniwati, & Hamzari. (2024). Implementation of Agroforestry System of Bakubakulu Village Communities. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 10(6), 3058–3063.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


The community in Bakubakulu Village, Palolo District, Sigi Regency, is one of the communities that is developing an agroforestry system. This research aims to determine the agroforestry patterns used on community land in Bakubakulu Village. This research was carried out for 3 months, from October to December 2022. Respondents were taken in this research using the Purposive Sampling technique, namely deliberate (not random) sampling of respondents according to the criteria. Data were analyzed using descriptive methods. Respondents' research results on agroforestry patterns according to the time dimension are Intermittent on sloping land and Coincident on flat land. According to the spatial aspect, the pattern respondents use is Regular Temporary on flat land and Random Permanent on sloping land. The types of plants most commonly planted by the community are candlenuts, sugar palms, cocoa, cloves, and coconuts. The Regular Temporary Pattern is the pattern most frequently applied by respondents


Ankrah, D. A., Kwapong, N. A., Eghan, D., Adarkwah, F., & Boateng-Gyambiby, D. (2021). Agricultural insurance access and acceptability: examining the case of smallholder farmers in Ghana. Agriculture & Food Security, 10(1), 19.

Blum, W. E. H. (2013). Soil and Land Resources for Agricultural Production: General Trends and Future Scenarios-A Worldwide Perspective. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 1(3), 1–14.

Busetto, L., Wick, W., & Gumbinger, C. (2020). How to use and assess qualitative research methods. Neurological Research and Practice, 2(1), 14.

Çakmakçı, R., Salık, M. A., & Çakmakçı, S. (2023). Assessment and Principles of Environmentally Sustainable Food and Agriculture Systems. Agriculture, 13(5), 1073.

Castle, S. E., Miller, D. C., Merten, N., Ordonez, P. J., & Baylis, K. (2022). Evidence for the impacts of agroforestry on ecosystem services and human well-being in high-income countries: a systematic map. Environmental Evidence, 11(1), 10.

Du, B., Xu, Q., Zhang, J., Tang, Y., Wang, L., Yuan, R., Yuan, Y., & An, J. (2023). Periodic Intermittent Adaptive Control with Saturation for Pinning Quasi-Consensus of Heterogeneous Multi-Agent Systems with External Disturbances. Entropy, 25(9), 1266.

Esteso, A., Alemany, M., Ortiz, Á., & Iannacone, R. (2022). Crop planting and harvesting planning: Conceptual framework and sustainable multi‐objective optimization for plants with variable molecule concentrations and minimum time between harvests. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 112, 136–155.

Feng, T., Xiong, R., & Huan, P. (2023). Productive use of natural resources in agriculture: The main policy lessons. Resources Policy, 85, 103793.

Girdziute, L., Besuspariene, E., Nausediene, A., Novikova, A., Leppala, J., & Jakob, M. (2022). Youth’s (Un)willingness to work in agriculture sector. Frontiers in Public Health, 10, 937657.

Gonçalves, C. D. B. Q., Schlindwein, M. M., & Martinelli, G. D. C. (2021). Agroforestry Systems: A Systematic Review Focusing on Traditional Indigenous Practices, Food and Nutrition Security, Economic Viability, and the Role of Women. Sustainability, 13(20), 11397.

Grigorieva, E., Livenets, A., & Stelmakh, E. (2023). Adaptation of Agriculture to Climate Change: A Scoping Review. Climate, 11(10), 202.

Gusmanov, R., Stovba, E., Lukyanova, M., Semin, A., & Gilmutdinova, R. (2023). Creating Optimal Conditions for the Development of Agribusiness by Scenario Modeling of the Production and Industry Structure of Agricultural Formations. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 18(4), 1025–1034.

Hallberg-Sramek, I., Reimerson, E., Priebe, J., Nordström, E. M., Mårald, E., Sandström, C., & Nordin, A. (2022). Bringing “Climate-Smart Forestry” Down to the Local Level—Identifying Barriers, Pathways and Indicators for Its Implementation in Practice. Forests, 13(1).

Hasannudin, D. A. L., Nurrochmat, D. R., & Ekayani, M. (2022). Agroforestry management systems through landscape-life scape integration: A case study in Gowa, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 23(4).

Hemathilake, D. M. K. S., & Gunathilake, D. M. C. C. (2022). Agricultural productivity and food supply to meet increased demands. In Future Foods (pp. 539–553). Elsevier.

Herbanu, P. S., Nurmaya, A., Nisaa, R. M., & Wardana, R. A. (2024). The zoning of flood disasters by combining tidal flood and urban flood in Semarang City, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1314(1), 012028.

Ickowitz, A., Powell, B., Rowland, D., Jones, A., & Sunderland, T. (2019). Agricultural intensification, dietary diversity, and markets in the global food security narrative. Global Food Security, 20, 9–16.

Janker, J., Mann, S., & Rist, S. (2018). What is Sustainable Agriculture? Critical Analysis of the International Political Discourse. Sustainability, 10(12), 4707.

Liliane, T. N., & Charles, M. S. (2020). Factors Affecting Yield of Crops. In Agronomy - Climate Change and Food Security. IntechOpen.

Lojka, B., Teutscherová, N., Chládová, A., Kala, L., Szabó, P., Martiník, A., Weger, J., Houška, J., Červenka, J., Kotrba, R., Jobbiková, J., Doležalová, H., Snášelová, M., Krčmářová, J., Vávrová, K., Králík, T., Zavadil, T., & Lawson, G. (2021). Agroforestry in the Czech Republic: What Hampers the Comeback of a Once Traditional Land Use System? Agronomy, 12(1), 69.

Mbow, C., Van Noordwijk, M., Luedeling, E., Neufeldt, H., Minang, P. A., & Kowero, G. (2014). Agroforestry solutions to address food security and climate change challenges in Africa. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 6, 61–67.

Mosquera-Losada, M. R., Santiago-Freijanes, J. J., Rois-Díaz, M., Moreno, G., Den Herder, M., Aldrey-Vázquez, J. A., Ferreiro-Domínguez, N., Pantera, A., Pisanelli, A., & Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A. (2018). Agroforestry in Europe: A land management policy tool to combat climate change. Land Use Policy, 78, 603–613.

Naharuddin, N. (2018). Sistem Pertanian Konservasi Pola Agroforestri dan Hubungannya dengan Tingkat Erosi di Wilayah Sub-DAS Wuno, Das Palu, Sulawesi Tengah. Jurnal Wilayah Dan Lingkungan, 6(3), 183.

Petropoulos, F., Apiletti, D., Assimakopoulos, V., Babai, M. Z., Barrow, D. K., Ben Taieb, S., Bergmeir, C., Bessa, R. J., Bijak, J., Boylan, J. E., Browell, J., Carnevale, C., Castle, J. L., Cirillo, P., Clements, M. P., Cordeiro, C., Cyrino Oliveira, F. L., De Baets, S., Dokumentov, A., … Ziel, F. (2022). Forecasting: theory and practice. International Journal of Forecasting, 38(3), 705–871.

Plieninger, T., Muñoz-Rojas, J., Buck, L. E., & Scherr, S. J. (2020). Agroforestry for sustainable landscape management. Sustainability Science, 15(5), 1255–1266.

Reith, E., Gosling, E., Knoke, T., & Paul, C. (2022). Exploring trade-offs in agro-ecological landscapes: Using a multi-objective land-use allocation model to support agroforestry research. Basic and Applied Ecology, 64, 103–119.

Roslinda, E., Prisila, F. W., & Mariani, Y. (2023). The Patterns of Agroforestry and Its Contribution to the Community Income. Jurnal Sylva Lestari, 11(3), 543–557.

Russo, R. O. (2023). Agroforestry: An Approach for Sustainability and Climate Mitigation. In Environmental Sciences (Vol. 6). IntechOpen.

Sagastuy, M., & Krause, T. (2019). Agroforestry as a Biodiversity Conservation Tool in the Atlantic Forest? Motivations and Limitations for Small-Scale Farmers to Implement Agroforestry Systems in North-Eastern Brazil. Sustainability, 11(24), 6932.

Salman, D., Yassi, A., & Bahsar-Demmallino, E. (2022). Climate change impacts and the rice farmers’ responses at irrigated upstream and downstream in Indonesia. Heliyon, 8(12), e11923.

Shapla, T., Myers, M. S., & Sengupta, R. (2022). Sustainable Land Use Prediction in Light of Agroforestry Systems in Response to the Changing Scenario of Land Cover. Advances in Remote Sensing, 11(02), 38–48.

Siebrecht, N. (2020). Sustainable Agriculture and Its Implementation Gap—Overcoming Obstacles to Implementation. Sustainability, 12(9), 3853.

Spiegelaar, N., Tsuji, L., & Oelbermann, M. (2013). The Potential Use of Agroforestry Community Gardens as a Sustainable Import-Substitution Strategy for Enhancing Food Security in Subarctic Ontario, Canada. Sustainability, 5(9), 4057–4075.

Sun, M.-L., Yao, W., Wang, X.-Y., Gao, S., Varady, K. A., Forslund, S. K., Zhang, M., Shi, Z.-Y., Cao, F., Zou, B.-J., Sun, M.-H., Liu, K.-X., Bao, Q., Xu, J., Qin, X., Xiao, Q., Wu, L., Zhao, Y.-H., Zhang, D.-Y., … Gong, T.-T. (2024). Intermittent fasting and health outcomes: an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. eClinicalMedicine, 70, 102519.

Telwala, Y. (2023). Unlocking the potential of agroforestry as a nature-based solution for localizing sustainable development goals: A case study from a drought-prone region in rural India. Nature-Based Solutions, 3, 100045.

Veste, M., Sheppard, J. P., Abdulai, I., Ayisi, K. K., Borrass, L., Chirwa, P. W., Funk, R., Kapinga, K., Morhart, C., Mwale, S. E., Ndlovu, N. P., Nyamadzaw, G., Nyoka, B. I., Sebola, P., Seifert, T., Senyolo, M. P., Sileshi, G. W., Syampungani, S., & Kahle, H.-P. (2024). The Need for Sustainable Agricultural Land-Use Systems: Benefits from Integrated Agroforestry Systems. In Sustainability of Southern African Ecosystems under Global Change (Vol. 248, pp. 587–623). Springer International Publishing.

Viana, C. M., Freire, D., Abrantes, P., Rocha, J., & Pereira, P. (2022). Agricultural land systems importance for supporting food security and sustainable development goals: A systematic review. Science of The Total Environment, 806, 150718.

Vicente, P. (2023). Sampling Twitter users for social science research: evidence from a systematic review of the literature. Quality & Quantity, 57(6), 5449–5489.

Wang, S., Garcia-Ojalvo, J., & Elowitz, M. B. (2022). Periodic spatial patterning with a single morphogen. Cell Systems, 13(12), 1033–1047.e7.

Xu, D., Pang, J., & Su, H. (2023). Exponential synchronization of multilayer networks with white-noise-based coupling via intermittent periodic event-triggered control. Journal of the Franklin Institute, 360(7), 4896–4922.

Author Biographies

Andi Sahri Alam, Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Tadulako, Palu, Indonesia

Rafiuddin, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palu

Imran Rachman, Universitas Tadulako

Hendra Pribadi, Universitas Tadulako

Erniwati, Universitas Tadulako

Hamzari, Universitas Tadulako


Copyright (c) 2024 Andi Sahri Alam, Rafiuddin, Imran Rachman, Hendra Pribadi, Erniwati, Hamzari

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).