The Fate of Glyphosate in Soil and Water: A Review
AuthorsSuwardji Suwardji , I Made Sudantha
Issue:Vol. 7 No. SpecialIssue (2021): December
Keywords:The fate of glyphosate, glyphosate properties, adsorption and degradation behaviour of glyphosate, sorbed and soluble
Articles "Special Issue"
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The fate of glyphosate in soil and water is dependent on the properties of glyphosate and its envoronement. Behaviour of glyphosate in soil, sediment and water is strongly influenced the way by which it can be adsorbed by soils, sediments, and suspended material in water. The role of soil organic matter, clay mineral, and amorphous minerals on the adsorption of glyphosate depends primarily on the nature and properties of the soil itself and the properties of glyphosate. Environmental factors have some influence on sorption and degradation of glyphosate. Glyphosate is rapidly inactivated in soil, is in part due to adsorption. Some soil properties have been identified strongly influence adsorption of glyphosate, such as clay minerals, composition of cations in exchangeable site of clay and organic matter, unoccupied phosphate adsorption site, degree of humification, and soil pH. Adsorption limits the availability of glyposate for microbial degradation. The sorbed glyphosate is not directly available to microorganisms in soil. Evidence also suggests that not only a strongly sorbed compound such as paraquat but also weakly sorbed compounds such as flumetsulam and picloram can persist for long periods when they are sorbed by soil constituents. This suggests that the interaction between sorption and biodegradation should be considered in predicting the fate of pesticides in soils and sediments.
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Suwardji Suwardji, SCOPUS ID: 6506421739, Mataram University, Facullty of Agriculture
SCOPUS ID: 6506421739
Copyright (c) 2021 Suwardji Suwardji, I Made Sudantha
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